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Experimental Study on the Influence of Cognition and Emotion on Moral Judgment of College Students in Dilemma Situation

Chenhao Sun, Shaobei Xiao, Ting Liu, Xiaolin Yuan*

School of Psychology, Hainan Normal University, Haikou, 571158, China

* Corresponding Author: Xiaolin Yuan. Email: email

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2023, 25(2), 275-286. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2022.017934

Abstract

Objective: To study the influence of cognition and emotion on moral judgment of college students under the circumstance of whether the cognitive resources are occupied and whether the emotion is induced. Methods: This experiment uses a multi-factor mixed experiment method to divide experiments and groups. Experiment 1 uses a two-factor mixed experimental design of 2 (cognitive resource occupancy group, cognitive resource non-occupied group) × 3 (difficult situation type). Experiment 2 uses a two-factor mixed experimental design of 2 (emotion induction group, emotion induction and cognitive resource occupation group) × 3 (three types of dilemma situation types) is adopted. The dependent variable of this experiment (including Experiment 1 and Experiment 2) is the judgment response time and the judgment result is “Yes” (F) or “No” (J). Results: (1) The reaction time of the cognitive resource occupancy group was significantly higher than that of the cognitive resource non-occupied group, and the cognitive resource occupancy group in the three types of dilemma situations of high personal involvement, low personal involvement, and non-personal participation. There is no significant difference between the results of moral judgments and the cognitive resource non-occupied group. (2) In the three dilemmas of high personal involvement, low personal involvement, and non-personal participation, the emotion-induced group and the emotion-induced and cognitive resource occupation group have no significant differences in reaction time and moral judgment results. (3) In the three dilemmas of high personal involvement, low personal involvement, and non-personal participation, the reaction time difference between the cognitive resource occupation group and the emotionally induced and cognitive resource occupation is not significant, while In the dilemma of low personal involvement, the number of people in the cognitive resource occupation group whose moral judgment is “Yes” was significantly higher than that in the emotionally induced and cognitive resource occupation group. (4) In the three dilemmas of high personal involvement, low personal involvement, and non-personal participation, the reaction time of the emotionally induced group was significantly higher than that of the cognitive resource non-occupied group, and the moral judgment results of the two groups were both There is no significant difference. Conclusion: When the occupation of cognitive resources and the induction of emotions will signifi- cantly affect the response of individual moral judgments, different types of dilemmas will significantly affect the results of individual moral judgments.

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APA Style
Sun, C., Xiao, S., Liu, T., Yuan, X. (2023). Experimental study on the influence of cognition and emotion on moral judgment of college students in dilemma situation. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 25(2), 275-286. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2022.017934
Vancouver Style
Sun C, Xiao S, Liu T, Yuan X. Experimental study on the influence of cognition and emotion on moral judgment of college students in dilemma situation. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2023;25(2):275-286 https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2022.017934
IEEE Style
C. Sun, S. Xiao, T. Liu, and X. Yuan "Experimental Study on the Influence of Cognition and Emotion on Moral Judgment of College Students in Dilemma Situation," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 275-286. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2022.017934



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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