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Towards Lessening Learners’ Aversive Emotions and Promoting Their Mental Health: Developing and Validating a Measurement of English Speaking Demotivation in the Chinese EFL Context

Chili Li1, Xinxin Zhao2, Ziwen Pan3, Ting Yi4, Long Qian5,6,*

1 School of Foreign Languages, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, 430068, China
2 Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 999077, China
3 School of Foreign Languages, Henan University, Kaifeng, 450046, China
4 Research Institute of International Chinese Language Education, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing, 100083, China
5 Faculty of Humanities, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, 100872, China
6 School of Humanities, Wuhan University of Engineering Science, Wuhan, 430200, China

* Corresponding Author: Long Qian. Email: email


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