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The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Symptoms of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review

Qiqi Feng1, Zhijian Huang2, Yanqiu Wang1, Bin Wang1,*

1 School of Physical Education and Sports, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, 430079, China
2 School of Physical Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, 430062, China

* Corresponding Author: Bin Wang. Email: email

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2024, 26(6), 417-428. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.049010

Abstract

Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are emerging non-pharmacological treatments for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). In this systematic review, the authors aimed to evaluate the potential efficacy of MBIs to provide recommendations for treating patients with mTBI. We searched of the English literature on MBIs for patients with mTBI as of 01 September, 2023, using the PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Scopus databases. One author performed data extraction and quality scoring of the included literature according to the proposed protocol, and another conducted the review. The review was not registered. A total of 11 studies met the final inclusion criteria, 5 of which involved military personnel (veterans). MBIs covered in this review include goal-oriented attention self-regulation (GOALS), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and so on. Research shows that MBSR mainly reduces mental fatigue symptoms in mTBI patients, and GOALS tend to improve their cognitive function. The effect of MBIs on psychological symptoms needs further exploration. Other studies, such as mindfulness-based group therapy and intervention studies targeting mTBI military personnel, are relatively sparse. MBIs have specific effects on mental fatigue and cognitive dysfunction in patients with mTBI. However, the effect on psychological distress and the sustained effectiveness across all symptoms still need further exploration. Considering the particularity of military personnel suffering from mTBI, researchers need to do more intervention studies targeting mTBI military personnel. Therefore, the design of future MBIs trials for mTBI patients’ needs to take into account all the factors, such as different populations and severity of traumatic brain injury, to verify the effectiveness of MBIs in alleviating mTBI symptoms and explore the mechanism of intervention.

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APA Style
Feng, Q., Huang, Z., Wang, Y., Wang, B. (2024). The effects of mindfulness-based interventions on symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury: A systematic review. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 26(6), 417-428. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.049010
Vancouver Style
Feng Q, Huang Z, Wang Y, Wang B. The effects of mindfulness-based interventions on symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury: A systematic review. Int J Ment Health Promot. 2024;26(6):417-428 https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.049010
IEEE Style
Q. Feng, Z. Huang, Y. Wang, and B. Wang "The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Symptoms of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review," Int. J. Ment. Health Promot., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 417-428. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ijmhp.2024.049010



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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