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DNA injury induced by 5-aminouracil and caffeine in G2 checkpoints path of higher plant cells

A. DEL CAMPO*, M. BRACHO, L. MARCANO, J. GUÍÑEZ, C. DE LA TORRE**

* Universidad del Zulia. Facultad Experimental de Ciencias. Departamento de Biología. Maracaibo. Estado Zulia. Venezuela.
** Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas. Departamento de Biología Celular y del Desarrollo. Madrid, España.
Address correspondence to: Dr. Antonio Del Campo. Departamento de Biología. Facultad Experimental de Ciencias. Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo, Estado Zulia. VENEZUELA. Telefax: (+58-261) 7598109. E-mail: delcampoa@terra.com

BIOCELL 2005, 29(2), 169-176. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2005.29.169

Abstract

This work evaluated the qualitative and quantitative cellular changes induced by treatment with 5-aminouracil (5-AU) and a combination of 5-AU and caffeine in plant cells in relation to DNA damage, repaired damage, and residual damage. As biological material, Allium cepa L. root tips were used, grown in filtered water, in darkness, with aeration at constant temperature of 25 °C ± 0.5. Cell populations were synchronized using 5 mM caffeine in order to study the effects of 5-AU and caffeine/5-AU combined treatment on the DNA content and their incidence in the entrance to mitosis. The results showed a delay in the G2 period due to induced DNA damage by the 5-AU and caffeine/5-AU combined treatment, shown by aberrant metaphases, anaphases and telophases. The effect of caffeine in the combined treatment was heightened in spite of lengthening the checkpoints route that retains the cells in G2. The existence of G2 checkpoints was shown in the cell population studied, inducing lesions in the DNA, chromosomic aberrations and cellular instability

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DEL, A. (2005). DNA injury induced by 5-aminouracil and caffeine in G2 checkpoints path of higher plant cells. BIOCELL, 29(2), 169–176.

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