BIOCELL

About the Journal

BIOCELL is an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal on molecular and cellular biosciences. The journal welcomes high quality original research articles, review papers, communications, perspectives, commentaries, etc. Topics of interests include but are not limited to: Cellular Biochemistry, Structural & Molecular Biology, Cellular/Molecular Biology, Immunology, Pathology & Neurobiology, Cell Signaling, Regenerative Biology & Stem Cells, Cancer Biology, RNA Biology, Genomics, Transcriptomics, Proteomics & Metabolomics, Plant Molecular & Cellular Biology.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE): 2019 Impact Factor 2.821; Journal Citation Report/Science Edition (JCR); Scopus; Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2020): 1.0; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2020): 0.523; Sociedad Argentina de Investigaciones en Bioquímica y Biología Molecular (SAIB); Portico, etc.

  • Microfluidic chips for the endothelial biomechanics and mechanobiology of the vascular system
  • Abstract Endothelial cells arranged on the vessel lumen are constantly stimulated by blood flow, blood pressure and pressureinduced cyclic stretch. These stimuli are sensed through mechanical sensory structures and converted into a series of functional responses through mechanotransduction pathways. The process will eventually affect vascular health. Therefore, there has been an urgent need to establish in vitro endothelial biomechanics and mechanobiology of models, which reproduce three-dimensional structure vascular system. In recent years, the rapid development in microfluidic technology makes it possible to replicate the key structural and functionally biomechanical characteristics of vessels. Here, we summarized the progress of microfluidic chips used… More
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  • Oxidative metabolism of photosynthetic species and the exposure to some freshwater and marine biotoxins
  • Abstract Environmental climate conditions could lead to an increasing global occurrence of microorganism blooms that synthesize toxins in the aquatic environments. These blooms could result in significantly toxic events. Responses of photosynthetic organisms to adverse environmental conditions implicate reactive oxygen species generation; but, due to the presence of a varied cellular antioxidant defense system and complex signaling networks, this oxidative stress could act as an important factor in the environmental adaptive processes. The objective of this review was to assess how some biotoxins are implicated in the generation of oxidative and nitrosative metabolic changes, not only in biotoxin-producing organisms but also… More
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  • Cell cycle regulation through primary cilium: A long-forgotten story
  • Abstract Protruded from cytomembrane, primary cilium is a widespread cell organelle that can be found in almost all cell types in Mammalia. Because of its comprehensive requirement in various cellular activities and various functions in different organs, primary cilium has been a valuable research area of human pathology research since the turn of the millennium. And the potential application of the interaction between primary cilia and cell cycle regulation may be the most promising direction as many primary cilium-caused diseases are found to be caused by cell cycle dysregulation resulted from primary cilia defects. Therefore, a deep understanding of the interaction… More
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  • Biomedical overview of melanin. 1. Updating melanin biology and chemistry, physico-chemical properties, melanoma tumors, and photothermal therapy
  • Abstract Melanins (eumelanin, pheomelanin, and allomelanin) represent a very, if not the most, important group of biological pigments. Their biological roles are multiple, from photoprotection to antioxidant activity, heavy metal disposal or the myriad uses of color in organisms across all Phyla. In the first part of this review, eumelanin biology and some chemical aspects will be presented, as well as key physico-chemical features that make this biological pigment so interesting. The principal characteristics of the melanocyte, the melanin-synthesizing cell in mammals, will also be introduced. Transformed melanocytes are the cause of one of the most devastating known cancers: the malignant… More
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  • Mechanisms adopted by cancer cells to escape apoptosis–A review
  • Abstract Inactivation of apoptosis is the prime phenomenon in cancer development and cancer treatments. Mutations in the apoptotic pathway not only exert resistance to apoptosis and provide a survival advantage to cancer cells but also confer resistance to cancer therapies. Escaping apoptosis is the “hallmark” of cancer cells. Cancer cells can withstand many apoptotic stimuli, such as DNA damage, unfavorable environments, and cytotoxic therapies. Substantial research has been carried out and is in good progress on the various mechanisms adopted by cancer cells to evade apoptosis. This article reviews the apoptosis escape mechanisms by cancer cells, viz. apoptotic gene alterations (in… More
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  • Integrated analysis of human influenza A (H1N1) virus infectionrelated genes to construct a suitable diagnostic model
  • Abstract The genome characteristics and structural functions of coding proteins correlate with the genetic diversity of the H1N1 virus, which aids in the understanding of its underlying pathogenic mechanism. In this study, analyses of the characteristic of the H1N1 virus infection-related genes, their biological functions, and infection-related reversal drugs were performed. Additionally, we used multi-dimensional bioinformatics analysis to identify the key genes and then used these to construct a diagnostic model for the H1N1 virus infection. There was a total of 169 differently expressed genes in the samples between 21 h before infection and 77 h after infection. They were used… More
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  • Circular RNA circFOXM1 triggers the tumorigenesis of non-small cell lung cancer through miR-132-3p/TMEM14A axis
  • Abstract Earlier studies indicated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) were found in various cancer cells, and circFOXM1 was reported to act as an oncogene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the function of circFOXM1 in NSCLC remains unclear. The expression levels of genes were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide solution (MTT) and flow cytometry assay. The relative protein expression was assessed by western blot. Moreover, transwell assays were employed to examine cell migration and invasion. The targeted relationship was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The expression of circFOXM1 was… More
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  • The F5 gene predicts poor prognosis of patients with gastric cancer by promoting cell migration identified using a weighted gene co-expression network analysis
  • Abstract Distal gastric cancer (DGC) is a subgroup of gastric cancer (GC), which has different molecular characteristics from proximal gastric cancer (PGC). These differences result in different overall survival (OS) rates; however, data pertaining to the survival rate in PGC or DGC are contradictory. This suggests that the location of GC is not the unique cause of the different survival rates, while the molecular characteristics might be more important factors determining the prognosis of DGC. Therefore, the aim of this study was to discover key prognostic factors in DGC using bioinformatic methods and to explore the potential molecular mechanism. The Cancer… More
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  • Immunocytochemical examination of PTEN and Ki-67 for endometrial carcinoma using thin-layer endometrial preparations
  • Abstract The current study is designed to evaluate certain immunocytochemical (ICC) biomarkers to gain a better cytodiagnosis. For this purpose, 85 patients from March 2016 to March 2019 who planned to get a hysteroscopy assay were recruited. Cytological sampling was conducted by scratching the uterus cavity using SAP-1, and the samples were processed as liquid-based smears, using SurePath technology. 36 patients diagnosed with EC or atypical endometrial hyperplasia were recruited in this study. 33 cases were diagnosed with EC, and 3 cases were diagnosed with atypical endometrial hyperplasia, allocated with EC or precancerous lesions group. 26 cases were diagnosed with benign… More
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  • SENEX gene promotes cell proliferation by activating RB/E2F pathway in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cells
  • Abstract The present study aimed to clarify the role of SENEX in malignant cell proliferation in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). 22 DLBCL patients (6 newly diagnosed cases, 7 cases at complete remission, and 9 relapsed cases) were included in the study. Our results indicated that both SENEX gene and protein were significantly increased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and tumor cells of relapsed DLBCL patients, accompanied by overexpression of p21, p16, and phosphorylated retinoblastoma (Rb). Silencing the SENEX gene in a DLBCL cell line caused a significant decrease in cell proliferation and inhibited cell cycle progression in the G1… More
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  • Hellebrigenin induces apoptosis in colorectal cancer Cells through induction of excessive reactive oxygen species
  • Abstract Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been increasingly applied in both preventing and treating a variety of cancers in the last decades, attributing to its fewer side effects as compared with chemotherapy drugs. Hellebrigenin, a component of Chanpi from the skin of Bufo bufogargarizans Cantor or Duttaphrynus melanostictus has been reported to have an obvious anti-cancer activity on various cancers. However, the effect and mechanism of hellebrigenin on colorectal cancers were still unknown. Herein, the present study demonstrated hellebrigenin significantly reduced viability and triggered apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway in colorectal cancer cell lines HCT116 and HT29 in vitro and in… More
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  • PPARγ LBD and its ligand specificity reveal a selection of potential partial agonist: Molecular dynamics based T2D drug discovery initiative
  • Abstract PPARγ is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family protein and is a target for type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this paper, we have performed a molecular docking analysis between ligand molecules (CID9816265, CID11608015, CID20251380, CID20251343, CID20556263, CID624491, CID42609928, and CID86287562) and PPARγ to determine the ligand specificity. It also helps to understand the ligand-binding domain (LBD) activity of PPARγ during the binding of the ligand. Further, a molecular dynamics simulation study was performed to determine the ligand biding stability in the PPARγ LBD. Its ligand specificity informed us about the potentiality of selecting a partial agonist. The study also shows… More
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  • SOD1G93A Induces a Unique PSAP-Dependent Mitochondrial Apoptosis Pathway via Bax–Bak Interaction
  • Abstract Amyotrophic lateral syndrome (ALS) is a progressive degenerative disorder characterized by motor neuron death and axon degeneration. Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathogenesis of ALS, the mechanism of which remains poorly understood. The B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family of proteins that control and mediate mitochondrial function and apoptosis, including the pro-apoptotic members Bcl2-Associated X (Bax), are involved in ALS development. The death receptor 6 (DR6) regulates motor neuron death in ALS, and DR6 antibodies can prevent axon degeneration and motor neuron damage by blocking DR6. Previous studies demonstrated that PSAP localized to mitochondria and was required for DR6-induced… More
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  • Es-ATG7 is required for spermatogenesis of Eriocheir sinensis and modulates p53-dependent apoptosis in germ cells
  • Abstract Spermatogenesis is a complicated and highly regulated male gamete differentiation process that begins with the proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonia to the release of the mature spermatozoa. The autophagy-related gene atg7 has been reported as closely related to spermatogenesis and communication of Sertoli cell-germ cells in mice, including acrosome biogenesis, sperm flagellum development, and ectoplasmic specialization assembly. However, the function of es-ATG7 and its molecular regulatory mechanism during spermatogenesis in Crustacea remain largely unknown. Here, we cloned and identified es-atg7 from the testes of the Chinese mitten crabs Eriocheir sinensis and found that the expression of es-atg7 was relatively high… More
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  • Fibroblast growth factor 9 promotes kidney cell proliferation via WNT signaling-mediated activation of ANXA4
  • Abstract Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) play pivotal roles in cell migration and proliferation. However, the identity of the FGF that plays a dominant role in kidney cell proliferation remains unclear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the dominant FGF among all FGFs. To this end, RNA-sequencing, qRT-PCR, western blotting, and ChIP assays were performed. FGF9 showed the highest expression among all FGFs, and its overexpression significantly promoted proliferation in the mouse kidney cell line C57BL/6 and increased JNK and AKT phosphorylation levels. Further, RNA-seq analysis identified 365 upregulated and 276 downregulated genes in FGF9-overexpressed cells. These differentially expressed genes were classified… More
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  • Upregulation of microRNA-451a improves endothelial cell function in atherosclerosis by direct targeting of macrophage migration inhibitory factor
  • Abstract This study aims to detect the expression of selected circulating microRNAs (miRNA), including miRNA-451a, miRNA-486-5p and miR-10b-5p, and their prospective roles as biomarkers in patients with atherosclerosis. For this purpose, levels of miRNAs were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in case (N = 30) and healthy control (N = 30) groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was carried out to evaluate the diagnostic ability of miRNAs. The correlations of miR-451a with lipid parameters were evaluated using Pearson’s correlation coefficients. HUVEC tested by ox-LDL was used as a cellular model of atherosclerosis. Cell viability and apoptosis were… More
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  • Protective effects of Dioscin on TNF-α-induced collagen-induced arthritis rat fibroblast-like synoviocytes involves in regulating the LTB4/BLT pathway
  • Abstract Background and Objective: LTB4 has been shown to be involved in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. The effect of Dioscin(Dio) on the LTB4 pathway of RA have not been reported yet. This study aimed at further exploring whether Dioscin’s effects on TNF-α induced collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) connected with the LTB4 and its receptor pathway. Materials & Methods: In this experiment, control group, TNF-α group, and different concentrations of Dioscin groups were established. Cell viability was evaluated using MTT assay. The levels of LTB4 in the samples of above groups were measured using ELISA. The mRNA expression levels… More
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  • Ultrastructural analysis shows persistence of adhesion and tight junction proteins in mature human hair
  • Abstract The differentiation of cells composing mature human hairs produces layers with different corneous characteristics that would tend to flake away one from another, as in the corneous layer of the epidermis, without anchoring junctions. It is likely that cell junctions established in the forming cells of the hair bulb are not completely degraded like in the corneous layer of the epidermis but instead remain in the hair shaft to bind mature cuticle, cortex, and medulla cells into a compact hair shaft. During cell differentiation in hairs, cell junctions seem to disappear, and little is known about the fate of junctional… More
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  • Three-month effects of corneal cross-linking on corneal fibroblasts
  • Abstract Corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) has revolutionized the treatment of keratoconus in the past decade. In order to evaluate the 3-month effects of CXL on corneal fibroblasts, a longitudinal study at the tissue and cellular level was carried out with a total of 16 rabbits that underwent CXL, deepithelialization (DEP), or non-treatment (control) and kept for 1 to 3 months. The duration of corneal stromal remodeling after CXL was determined by examining the differentiation, apoptosis, and number changes of keratocytes in tissue sections from animals 1, 2, or 3 months post-treatment. Upon the finish of tissue remodeling, separate rabbits were used… More
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  • Angelica sinensis polysaccharides ameliorate 5-flourouracil-induced bone marrow stromal cell proliferation inhibition via regulating Wnt/β-catenin signaling
  • Abstract Chemotherapy may cause cellular oxidative stress to bone marrow. Oxidative damage of bone marrow hematopoietic microenvironment is closely related to chronic myelosuppression after chemotherapeutic treatment. Angelica sinensis polysaccharides (ASP) are major effective ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine Angelica with multi-target anti-oxidative stress features. In the current study, we investigated the protective roles and mechanisms of ASP on chemotherapy-induced bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) damage. The human bone marrow stromal cell line HS-5 cells were divided into control group, 5-FU group, 5-FU + ASP group, and 5-FU + LiCl group to investigate the mechanism of ASP to alleviate 5-FU-induced BMSC proliferation… More
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  • Nicotine and menthol independently exert neuroprotective effects against cisplatin- or amyloid- toxicity by upregulating Bcl-xl via JNK activation in SH-SY5Y cells
  • Abstract Nicotine and menthol, agonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and transient receptor potential melastatin type 8 (TRPM8), serve important roles in the prevention of cell death-involved neurodegenerative diseases. However, the potential synergistic effects of nicotine and menthol on anti-apoptotic ability are still uncertain. In the present study, the potential synergistic effects of nicotine and menthol on cisplatin or amyloid β1-42 induced cell model of the neurodegenerative diseases were explored by assessing cell viability, TNF-α expression, caspase-3 activation, and the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Statistical significance was tested using Student’s t-test or one-way ANOVA with… More
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  • Development of high yield and tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) resistance using conventional and molecular approaches: A review
  • Abstract Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) belonging to the family Solanaceae is the second most consumed and cultivated vegetable globally. Since the ancient time of its domestication, thousands of cultivated tomato varieties have been developed targeting an array of aspects. Among which breeding for yield and yield-related traits are mostly focused. Cultivated tomato is extremely genetically poor and hence it is a victim for several biotic and abiotic stresses. Among the biotic stresses, the impact of viral diseases is critical all over tomato cultivating areas. Improvement of tomato still largely rely on conventional methods worldwide while molecular approaches, particularly Marker Assisted Selection… More
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  • Genome-wide identification of WRKY gene family and expression analysis under abiotic stresses in Andrographis paniculata
  • Abstract Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata) is a Chinese herbal medicine that clears away heat, reduces inflammation, protects the liver, and promotes choleretics. The WRKYs of A. paniculata are still not well characterized, although many WRKYs have been identified in various plant species. In the present study, 59 A. paniculata WRKY (ApWRKY) genes were identified and renamed on the basis of their respective chromosome distribution. These ApWRKYs were divided into three groups via phylogenetic analysis according to their WRKY domains and combined with WRKY of Arabidopsis. The 59 identified ApWRKY transcription factors were nonuniformity distributed on 23 chromosomes of A. paniculata. From… More
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  • Overexpression of rice F-box phloem protein gene OsPP12-A13 confers salinity tolerance in Arabidopsis
  • Abstract Salinity is a serious challenge for agriculture production by limiting the arable land. Rice is a major staple food crop but very sensitive to salt stress. In this study, we used Arabidopsis for the functional characterization of a rice F-box gene LOC_Os04g48270 (OsPP12-A13) under salinity stress. OsPP12-A13 is a nuclear-localized protein that is strongly upregulated under salinity stress in rice and showed the highest expression in the stem, followed by roots and leaves. Two types of transgenic lines for OsPP12-A13 were generated, including constitutive tissue over-expression using the CaMV35S promoter and phloem specific over-expression using the pSUC2 promoter. Both types… More
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  • Incidence, genomic diversity, and evolution of strawberry mottle virus in China
  • Abstract Strawberry mottle virus (SMoV) is one of the most common viruses infecting strawberries, causing losses to fruit yield and quality. In this study, 165 strawberry leaf samples were collected from six provinces of China, 46 of which tested positive for SMoV. The complete genome sequences of 11 SMoV isolates were obtained from Liaoning (DGHY3, DGHY16-2, DGHY17, DGHY20-2, DGHY21, DGHY26-2), Shandong (SDHY1, SDHY5, SDHY31-2, SDHY33-2), and Beijing (BJMX7). The RNA1 and RNA2 nucleotide identities between the 11 Chinese isolates were 95.4–99.3% and 96.3–99.6%, respectively, and they shared 78.4–96.6% and 84.8–93.5% identities with the available SMoV isolates in GenBank. Recombination analysis revealed… More
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  • Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of Aux/IAA gene family in strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
  • Abstract Auxin signaling and its components (Auxin/Indole-3-Acetic Acid (Aux/IAA)) are critical for plant growth and development. Here, we performed a genome-wide annotation and identified twenty-one Aux/IAA genes in strawberry (Fragaria vesca). Most FveIAAs were located on chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6, while no FveIAAs were found in chromosomes 3 and 7. Phylogenetic analysis divided these genes into nine subfamilies. Most FveIAAs contained the DNA-binding and Aux/IAA domains, as well as motifs I–IV. There were 2–6 exons in the FveIAA genes based on the gene structure analysis. Also, we found that four pairs of FveIAA genes underwent segment duplications. Moreover,… More
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