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Microsporogenesis in tetraploid accessions of Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf (Gramineae)

KARINA SAYURI UTSUNOMIYA*, MARIA SUELY PAGLIARINI*, CACILDA BORGES DO VALLE**
* Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, State University of Maringá, Av. Colombo 5790, 87020-900, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.
** Embrapa Beef Cattle, P. O. Box 154, 79002-970 Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.
Address correspondence to: Dr. Maria Suely Pagliarini. State University of Maringá, Department of Cell Biology and Genetics 87020–900 Maringá, Paraná, BRAZIL. E-mail: mspagliarini@uem.br

BIOCELL 2005, 29(3), 295-301. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2005.29.295

Abstract

The genus Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb. has achieved considerable importance to cattle production systems, as a result of the good production and adaptation of a few cultivars to poor and acid soils of the Brazilian savannas. Many of its species and accessions are polyploid and apomictic, which limits direct hybridization. To assist the breeding program, cytogenetic characterization has been undertaken on the accessions of Brachiaria collection at the Embrapa Beef Cattle Research Center. In this study, chromosome number and meiotic behavior are reported for the Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf collection. The 20 available accessions are tetraploid (2n = 4x = 36). Chromosomes paired preferentially as bivalents, but quadrivalents were found in high frequencies in some cells. Meiotic behavior was, in general, irregular, and varied among accessions. Most accessions presented more than 20% of abnormal tetrads. The most common meiotic abnormalities were those related to irregular chromosome segregation due to polyploidy, leading to micronuclei formation in the tetrad stage. A low frequency of other meiotic abnormalities such as the absence of cytokinesis, chromosome stickiness, cell fusion, anaphase bridges, and chromosome transfer among microsporocytes were also recorded in some accessions. Limitations of these accessions for use in hybridization programs are discussed.

Keywords

Brachiaria nigropedata, chromosome number, meiosis, polyploidy, apomixis, grasses.

Cite This Article

SAYURI, K. (2005). Microsporogenesis in tetraploid accessions of Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf (Gramineae). BIOCELL, 29(3), 295–301.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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