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Clinical outcomes of percutaneous or surgical closure of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm

Jia-Wang Xiao, Qi-Guang Wang, Duan-Zhen Zhang, Chun-Sheng Cui, Xiumin Han, Po Zhang, Chuangju Hou, Xian-Yang Zhu

Department of Congenital Heart Disease, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China

* Corresponding Author: Xian-yang Zhu MD, Department of Congenital Heart Disease, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command, NO.83, Wenhua Road, Shenhe District, Liaoning Province, Shenyang 110016, People’s Republic of China. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2018, 13(2), 305-310. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12572

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy, safety, and long-term outcomes of percutaneous closure (PC) and surgical repair of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA).
Methods: Eighty-five consecutive patients with RSVA were included in this study. Patients were considered candidates for PC if they met the criterion, surgical repair was performed on patients who were unsuitable or failed PC. Of them, 30 patients underwent PC, while the other 55 patients had surgical repair.
Results: RSVA was successfully occluded in 29 of 30 patients who were treated by PC. The mean narrowest diameter at the ruptured site was 6.45 ± 1.60 mm measured by aortography. One patient developed serious occluder-related aortic regurgitation and underwent surgery. The success rate of the interventional approach was 96.7%. In the surgical group, 23 patients underwent repair of combined RSVA and ventricular septal defect. The hospital mortality rate of the surgical approach was 3.57%. During a median follow-up of 83 months (8–152 months), the improvement in NYHA functional class in the PC group was significantly greater than those in the surgical group (P < .01). One patient died of infective endocarditis in the surgical group. There were no further serious complications.
Conclusions: PC is a safe alternative to surgical repair for patients with isolated RSVA. Surgical repair is more suitable for those who have multiple cardiac lesions requiring surgical treatment or failed PC.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Xiao, J., Wang, Q., Zhang, D., Cui, C., Han, X. et al. (2018). Clinical outcomes of percutaneous or surgical closure of ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysm. Congenital Heart Disease, 13(2), 305-310. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12572
Vancouver Style
Xiao J, Wang Q, Zhang D, Cui C, Han X, Zhang P, et al. Clinical outcomes of percutaneous or surgical closure of ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysm. Congeni Heart Dis. 2018;13(2):305-310 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12572
IEEE Style
J. Xiao et al., "Clinical outcomes of percutaneous or surgical closure of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 305-310. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12572



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