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Nanostiffening in Polymeric Nanocomposites

J. Wang1, D. C. C. Lam2
Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, PR-China
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, HONGKONG, Corresponding Author: Email: david.lam@ust.hk

Computers, Materials & Continua 2010, 17(3), 215-232. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmc.2010.017.215

Abstract

Selected elastic moduli of nanocomposites are higher than the elastic moduli of microcomposites. Molecular immobilization and crystallization at the interfaces had been proposed as potential causes, but studies suggested that these effects are minor and cannot be used to explain the magnitude observed in nanocomposites with >3nm particles. Alternately, molecular simulation of polymer deformation showed that rotation gradients can lead to additional molecular rotations and stiffen the matrix. The stiffening is characterized by the nanostiffening material parameter, l2. In this investigation, an analytical expression for nanostiffening in nanocomposites was developed using finite element analysis. The nanostiffening in nanocomposites was determined by the ratio of l2to the particle size r, and the expression was shown to be in good agreement with experimental data from the literature. The dependence on the ratio suggests that nanostiffening is significant only for nanocomposites with large l2/r but is negligible when l2/r is small.

Keywords

Size stiffening, Nanocomposite, Polymer, Strain gradient, Modeling.

Cite This Article

J. . Wang and D. C. C. . Lam, "Nanostiffening in polymeric nanocomposites," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 17, no.3, pp. 215–232, 2010.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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