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A Machine Learning Approach for MRI Brain Tumor Classification

Ravikumar Gurusamy1, Dr Vijayan Subramaniam2
Assistant Professor / ECE, Vivekanandha Institute of Engineering and Technology for Women Elayampalam, Tiruchengode, Namakkal(Dt) – 637205.
Principal, Surya Engineering College, Mettukkadai, Erode – 638107.

Computers, Materials & Continua 2017, 53(2), 91-108. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmc.2017.053.091

Abstract

A new method for the denoising, extraction and tumor detection on MRI images is presented in this paper. MRI images help physicians study and diagnose diseases or tumors present in the brain. This work is focused towards helping the radiologist and physician to have a second opinion on the diagnosis. The ambiguity of Magnetic Resonance (MR) image features is solved in a simpler manner. The MRI image acquired from the machine is subjected to analysis in the work. The real-time data is used for the analysis. Basic preprocessing is performed using various filters for noise removal. The de-noised image is segmented, and the feature extractions are performed. Features are extracted using the wavelet transform. When compared to other methods, the wavelet transform is more suitable for MRI image feature extraction. The features are given to the classifier which uses binary tree support vectors for classification. The classification process is compared with conventional methods.

Keywords

MRI image, brain pathology, K-Means algorithm, Feature extraction, Wavelet transform, SVM, Neural network, K nearest algorithm.

Cite This Article

R. . Gurusamy and D. V. . Subramaniam, "A machine learning approach for mri brain tumor classification," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 53, no.2, pp. 91–108, 2017.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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