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A PSO based Energy Efficient Coverage Control Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks

Jin Wang1,2, Chunwei Ju2, Yu Gao2, Arun Kumar Sangaiah3, Gwang-jun Kim4,*

School of Computer & Communication Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha, 410114, China.
School of Information Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, 225009, China.
School of Computing Science and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, 632014, India.
Department of Computer Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Korea.

* Corresponding Author: Gwang-jun Kim. Email: email.

Computers, Materials & Continua 2018, 56(3), 433-446. https://doi.org/ 10.3970/cmc.2018.04132

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are large-scale and high-density networks that typically have coverage area overlap. In addition, a random deployment of sensor nodes cannot fully guarantee coverage of the sensing area, which leads to coverage holes in WSNs. Thus, coverage control plays an important role in WSNs. To alleviate unnecessary energy wastage and improve network performance, we consider both energy efficiency and coverage rate for WSNs. In this paper, we present a novel coverage control algorithm based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). Firstly, the sensor nodes are randomly deployed in a target area and remain static after deployment. Then, the whole network is partitioned into grids, and we calculate each grid’s coverage rate and energy consumption. Finally, each sensor nodes’ sensing radius is adjusted according to the coverage rate and energy consumption of each grid. Simulation results show that our algorithm can effectively improve coverage rate and reduce energy consumption

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Wang, J., Ju, C., Gao, Y., Sangaiah, A.K., Kim, G. (2018). A PSO based energy efficient coverage control algorithm for wireless sensor networks. Computers, Materials & Continua, 56(3), 433-446. https://doi.org/ 10.3970/cmc.2018.04132
Vancouver Style
Wang J, Ju C, Gao Y, Sangaiah AK, Kim G. A PSO based energy efficient coverage control algorithm for wireless sensor networks. Comput Mater Contin. 2018;56(3):433-446 https://doi.org/ 10.3970/cmc.2018.04132
IEEE Style
J. Wang, C. Ju, Y. Gao, A.K. Sangaiah, and G. Kim "A PSO based Energy Efficient Coverage Control Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 433-446. 2018. https://doi.org/ 10.3970/cmc.2018.04132



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