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Design and Performance Comparison of Rotated Y-Shaped Antenna Using Different Metamaterial Surfaces for 5G Mobile Devices

Jalal Khan1, Daniyal Ali Sehrai1, Mushtaq Ahmad Khan1, Haseeb Ahmad Khan2, Salman Ahmad3, Arslan Ali4, Arslan Arif5, Anwer Ahmad Memon6, Sahib Khan1,4,*
DTE, University of Engineering and Technology Mardan, 23200, Mardan, Pakistan.
DEE, University of Engineering and Technology Mardan, 23200, Mardan, Pakistan.
DCSE, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Peshawar, Pakistan.
DET, Politecnico di Torino, 10129, Torino, Italy.
DEE, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, 54770, Lahore, Pakistan.
DEE, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology Jamshoro, Pakistan.
* Corresponding Authors: Sahib Khan. Email: ;
  Jalal Khan. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 60(2), 409-420. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2019.06883

Abstract

In this paper, a rotated Y-shaped antenna is designed and compared in terms of performance using a conventional and EBG ground planes for future Fifth Generation (5G) cellular communication system. The rotated Y-shaped antenna is designed to transmit at 38 GHz which is one of the most prominent candidate bands for future 5G communication systems. In the design of conventional antenna and metamaterial surfaces (mushroom, slotted), Rogers-5880 substrate having relative permittivity, thickness and loss tangent of 2.2, 0.254 mm, and 0.0009 respectively have been used. The conventional rotated Y-shaped antenna offers a satisfactory wider bandwidth (0.87 GHz) at 38.06 GHz frequency band, which gets further improved using the EBG surfaces (mushroom, slotted) as a ground plane by 1.23 GHz and 0.97 GHz respectively. Similarly, the conventional 5G antenna radiates efficiently with an efficiency of 88% and is increased by using the EBG surfaces (slotted, mushroom-like) to 90% and 94% respectively at the desired resonant frequency band. The conventional antenna yields a bore side gain of 6.59 dB which is further enhanced up to 8.91dB and 7.50 dB by using mushroom-like and slotted EBG surfaces respectively as a ground plane. The proposed rotated Y-shaped antenna and EBG surfaces (mushroom, slotted) are analyzed using the Finite Integration Technique (FIT) employed in Computer Simulation Technology (CST) software. The designed antenna is applicable for future 5G applications.

Keywords

Fifth Generation (5G), rotated Y-shaped, EBG, CST

Cite This Article

J. Khan, D. Ali Sehrai, M. Ahmad Khan, H. Ahmad Khan, S. Ahmad et al., "Design and performance comparison of rotated y-shaped antenna using different metamaterial surfaces for 5g mobile devices," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 60, no.2, pp. 409–420, 2019.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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