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Analysis of Bus Ride Comfort Using Smartphone Sensor Data

Hoong-Chor Chin1, Xingting Pang1, Zhaoxia Wang2,3,*
National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, 119260, Singapore.
Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China.
Institute of High Performance Computing, A*STAR, 138632, Singapore.
* Corresponding Author: Zhaoxia Wang. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 60(2), 455-463. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2019.05664

Abstract

Passenger comfort is an important indicator that is often used to measure the quality of public transport services. It may also be a crucial factor in the passenger’s choice of transport mode. The typical method of assessing passenger comfort is through a passenger interview survey which can be tedious. This study aims to investigate the relationship between bus ride comfort based on ride smoothness and the vehicle’s motion detected by the smartphone sensors. An experiment was carried out on a bus fixed route within the University campus where comfort levels were rated on a 3-point scale and recorded at 5-second intervals. The kinematic motion characteristics obtained includes tri-axial linear accelerations, tri-axial rotational velocities, tri-axial inclinations and the latitude and longitude position of the vehicle and the updated speed. The data acquired were statistically analyzed using the Classification & Regression Tree method to correlate ride comfort with the best set of kinematic data. The results indicated that these kinematic changes captured in the smartphone can reflect the passenger ride comfort with an accuracy of about 90%. The work demonstrates that it is possible to make use of larger and readily available kinematic data to assess passenger comfort. This understanding also suggests the possibility of measuring driver behavior and performance.

Keywords

Ride comfort, smartphone sensor, classification & regression tree, kinematic motion, driver behavior analysis

Cite This Article

H. Chin, X. Pang and Z. Wang, "Analysis of bus ride comfort using smartphone sensor data," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 60, no.2, pp. 455–463, 2019.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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