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An Integrated Suture Simulation System with Deformation Constraint Under A Suture Control Strategy

Xiaorui Zhang1,2,3,*, Jiali Duan1, Jia Liu2, Norman I. Badler3
Jiangsu Engineering Center of Network Monitoring, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China.
Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center on Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China.
School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA.
* Corresponding Author: Xiaorui Zhang. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 60(3), 1055-1071. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2019.03915

Abstract

Current research on suture simulation mainly focus on the construction of suture line, and existing suture simulation systems still need to be improved in terms of diversity, soft tissue effects, and stability. This paper presents an integrated liver suture surgery system composed of three consecutive suture circumstances, which is conducive to liver suture surgery training. The physically-based models used in this simulation are based on different mass-spring models regulated by a special constrained algorithm, which can improve the model accuracy, and stability by appropriately restraining the activity sphere of the surrounding mass nodes around the suture points. We also studied the kinematic model to update the status of suture points in real time, according to an external force exerted by the operators, which can sense synchronous force feedback in return as well. Moreover, in case that the sutured wounds tear open again, a suture control strategy is designed to ensure the stability of the whole suturing procedure. Several experiments are carried out to validate the model performance in terms of model accuracy, suture control effects, and comprehensive training effects. The experiment results show that the proposed models have realistic visual and haptic feedback, stable control on the suture, as well as good training effects as an integrated liver suture surgery system compared to other suture simulation systems which only simulate suture on a single kind of soft tissue.

Keywords

Mass-spring model, suture simulation, virtual surgery, suture control, constraint algorithm.

Cite This Article

X. Zhang, J. Duan, J. Liu and N. I. Badler, "An integrated suture simulation system with deformation constraint under a suture control strategy," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 60, no.3, pp. 1055–1071, 2019.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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