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An Improved Whale Optimization Algorithm for Feature Selection

Wenyan Guo1, *, Ting Liu1, Fang Dai1, Peng Xu1

1 School of Science, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an, 710054, China.

* Corresponding Author: Wenyan Guo. Email: email.

Computers, Materials & Continua 2020, 62(1), 337-354. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2020.06411

Abstract

Whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is a new population-based metaheuristic algorithm. WOA uses shrinking encircling mechanism, spiral rise, and random learning strategies to update whale’s positions. WOA has merit in terms of simple calculation and high computational accuracy, but its convergence speed is slow and it is easy to fall into the local optimal solution. In order to overcome the shortcomings, this paper integrates adaptive neighborhood and hybrid mutation strategies into whale optimization algorithms, designs the average distance from itself to other whales as an adaptive neighborhood radius, and chooses to learn from the optimal solution in the neighborhood instead of random learning strategies. The hybrid mutation strategy is used to enhance the ability of algorithm to jump out of the local optimal solution. A new whale optimization algorithm (HMNWOA) is proposed. The proposed algorithm inherits the global search capability of the original algorithm, enhances the exploitation ability, improves the quality of the population, and thus improves the convergence speed of the algorithm. A feature selection algorithm based on binary HMNWOA is proposed. Twelve standard datasets from UCI repository test the validity of the proposed algorithm for feature selection. The experimental results show that HMNWOA is very competitive compared to the other six popular feature selection methods in improving the classification accuracy and reducing the number of features, and ensures that HMNWOA has strong search ability in the search feature space.

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Cite This Article

W. Guo, T. Liu, F. Dai and P. Xu, "An improved whale optimization algorithm for feature selection," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 62, no.1, pp. 337–354, 2020.

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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