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Traffic Queuing Management in the Internet of Things: An Optimized RED Algorithm Based Approach

Abdul Waheed1,2,*, Naila Habib Khan3, Mahdi Zareei4, Shahab Ul Islam5, Latif Jan5,6, Arif Iqbal Umar1, Ehab Mahmoud Mohamed7,8

1 Department of Information Technology, Hazara University, Mansehra, 21120, Pakistan
2 School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea
3 Department of Computer Science, Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
4 Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Zapopan, 45201, Mexico
5 Department of Computer Science, IQRA National University, Peshawar, 25124, Pakistan
6 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering Technology, Peshawar, 25120, Pakistan
7 Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Addwasir, 11991, Saudi Arabia
8 Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan, 81542, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Abdul Waheed. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(1), 359-372.


Congestion control is one of the main obstacles in cyberspace traffic. Overcrowding in internet traffic may cause several problems; such as high packet hold-up, high packet dropping, and low packet output. In the course of data transmission for various applications in the Internet of things, such problems are usually generated relative to the input. To tackle such problems, this paper presents an analytical model using an optimized Random Early Detection (RED) algorithm-based approach for internet traffic management. The validity of the proposed model is checked through extensive simulation-based experiments. An analysis is observed for different functions on internet traffic. Four performance metrics are taken into consideration, namely, the possibility of packet loss, throughput, mean queue length and mean queue delay. Three sets of experiments are observed with varying simulation results. The experiments are thoroughly analyzed and the best packet dropping operation with minimum packet loss is identified using the proposed model.


Cite This Article

A. Waheed, N. Habib Khan, M. Zareei, S. Ul Islam, L. Jan et al., "Traffic queuing management in the internet of things: an optimized red algorithm based approach," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.1, pp. 359–372, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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