Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.66, No.1, 2021
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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of Authoring Tool for Static and Dynamic Projection Mapping

    Sang-Joon Kim1, Nammee Moon2, Min Hong3, Gooman Park1, Yoo-Joo Choi4,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 1-16, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012437
    Abstract This study introduces the design details of a tool to create interactive projection-mapping content in a convenient manner. For the proposed tool design, a homography-based camera–projector calibration method was applied with the use of red–green–blue-depth images from a Kinect V2 sensor that did not require accurate camera calibration prerequisites. In addition, the proposed tool simultaneously achieved static projection mapping that projected the image content onto a fixed object, and dynamic projection mapping that projected the image content onto a user’s body, by tracing the moving user. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed content-creation tool, More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Detecting Lumbar Implant and Diagnosing Scoliosis from Vietnamese X-Ray Imaging Using the Pre-Trained API Models and Transfer Learning

    Chung Le Van1, Vikram Puri1, Nguyen Thanh Thao2, Dac-Nhuong Le3,4,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 17-33, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013125
    Abstract With the rapid growth of the autonomous system, deep learning has become integral parts to enumerate applications especially in the case of healthcare systems. Human body vertebrae are the longest and complex parts of the human body. There are numerous kinds of conditions such as scoliosis, vertebra degeneration, and vertebrate disc spacing that are related to the human body vertebrae or spine or backbone. Early detection of these problems is very important otherwise patients will suffer from a disease for a lifetime. In this proposed system, we developed an autonomous system that detects lumbar implants More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of a Compact Monopole Antenna for UWB Applications

    Naeem Ahmad Jan1, Saad Hassan Kiani2, Daniyal Ali Sehrai2, Muhammad Rizwan Anjum3, Amjad Iqbal4, Mujeeb Abdullah5, Sunghwan Kim6,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 35-44, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012800
    Abstract In this paper, a low cost, highly efficient and low profile monopole antenna for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications is presented. A new inverted triangular-shape structure possessing meander lines is designed to achieve a wideband response and high efficiency. To design the proposed structure, three steps are utilized to achieve an UWB response. The bandwidth of the proposed antenna is improved with changing meander lines parameters, miniaturization of the ground width and optimization of the feeding line. The measured and simulated frequency band ranges from 3.2 to 12 GHz, while the radiation patterns are measured at 4,… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A Smart Wellness Service Platform and Its Practical Implementation

    Umar Farooq1, Intae Ryoo2, Gon Khang1,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 45-57, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013035
    Abstract Advances in the field of medical sciences and medical technology, and present-day challenges, such as an aging population, rising medical expenses, and lifestyle-related diseases, have collectively catalyzed a research ecosystem termed “smart wellness.” This article describes the establishment of a smart wellness service platform designed to empower individuals to create a sense of balance in their lives. Step-by-step details include service model, design, and architectural considerations. As a proof of concept, implementation details of a Health Improvement and Management Systems (HIMS) Hub, a Smart Wellness Service Platform deployed in six cities in South Korea, are More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Fingerprint-Based Millimeter-Wave Beam Selection for Interference Mitigation in Beamspace Multi-User MIMO Communications

    Sangmi Moon1, Hyeonsung Kim1, Seng-Phil Hong2, Mingoo Kang3, Intae Hwang1,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 59-70, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013132
    Abstract Millimeter-wave communications are suitable for application to massive multiple-input multiple-output systems in order to satisfy the ever-growing data traffic demands of the next-generation wireless communication. However, their practical deployment is hindered by the high cost of complex hardware, such as radio frequency (RF) chains. To this end, operation in the beamspace domain, through beam selection, is a viable solution. Generally, the conventional beam selection schemes focus on the feedback and exhaustive search techniques. In addition, since the same beam in the beamspace may be assigned to a different user, conventional beam selection schemes suffer serious… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Multilayer Self-Defense System to Protect Enterprise Cloud

    Shailendra Mishra, Sunil Kumar Sharma*, Majed A. Alowaidi
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 71-85, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012475
    Abstract A data breach can seriously impact organizational intellectual property, resources, time, and product value. The risk of system intrusion is augmented by the intrinsic openness of commonly utilized technologies like TCP/IP protocols. As TCP relies on IP addresses, an attacker may easily trace the IP address of the organization. Given that many organizations run the risk of data breach and cyber-attacks at a certain point, a repeatable and well-developed incident response framework is critical to shield them. Enterprise cloud possesses the challenges of security, lack of transparency, trust and loss of controls. Technology eases quickens… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of Melt Pool Dimension and Residual Stress Evolution with Thermodynamically-Consistent Phase Field and Consolidation Models during Re-Melting Process of SLM

    Kang-Hyun Lee1, Gun Jin Yun1,2,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 87-112, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012688
    Abstract Re-melting process has been utilized to mitigate the residual stress level in the selective laser melting (SLM) process in recent years. However, the complex consolidation mechanism of powder and the different material behavior after the first laser melting hinder the direct implementation of the re-melting process. In this work, the effects of re-melting on the temperature and residual stress evolution in the SLM process are investigated using a thermo-mechanically coupled finite element model. The degree of consolidation is incorporated in the energy balance equation based on the thermodynamically-consistent phase-field approach. The drastic change of material… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    On Modeling the Medical Care Insurance Data via a New Statistical Model

    Yen Liang Tung1, Zubair Ahmad2,*, G. G. Hamedani3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 113-126, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012780
    Abstract Proposing new statistical distributions which are more flexible than the existing distributions have become a recent trend in the practice of distribution theory. Actuaries often search for new and appropriate statistical models to address data related to financial and risk management problems. In the present study, an extension of the Lomax distribution is proposed via using the approach of the weighted T-X family of distributions. The mathematical properties along with the characterization of the new model via truncated moments are derived. The model parameters are estimated via a prominent approach called the maximum likelihood estimation… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Dual Branches of MHD Three-Dimensional Rotating Flow of Hybrid Nanofluid on Nonlinear Shrinking Sheet

    Liaquat Ali Lund1,2,*, Zurni Omar1, Ilyas Khan3, El-Sayed M. Sherif4,5
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 127-139, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013120
    Abstract In this study, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) three-dimensional (3D) flow of alumina (Al2O3) and copper (Cu) nanoparticles of an electrically conducting incompressible fluid in a rotating frame has been investigated. The shrinking surface generates the flow that also has been examined. The single-phase (i.e., Tiwari and Das) model is implemented for the hybrid nanofluid transport phenomena. Results for alumina and copper nanomaterials in the water base fluid are achieved. Boundary layer approximations are used to reduce governing partial differential (PDEs) system into the system of the ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The three-stage Lobatto IIIa method in bvp4c solver is More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Enabling Smart Cities with Cognition Based Intelligent Route Decision in Vehicles Empowered with Deep Extreme Learning Machine

    Dildar Hussain1, Muhammad Adnan Khan2,*, Sagheer Abbas3, Rizwan Ali Naqvi4, Muhammad Faheem Mushtaq5, Abdur Rehman3, Afrozah Nadeem2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 141-156, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013458
    Abstract The fast-paced growth of artificial intelligence provides unparalleled opportunities to improve the efficiency of various industries, including the transportation sector. The worldwide transport departments face many obstacles following the implementation and integration of different vehicle features. One of these tasks is to ensure that vehicles are autonomous, intelligent and able to grow their repository of information. Machine learning has recently been implemented in wireless networks, as a major artificial intelligence branch, to solve historically challenging problems through a data-driven approach. In this article, we discuss recent progress of applying machine learning into vehicle networks for… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Fault Tolerant Suffix Trees

    Iftikhar Ahmad1,*, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah1, Ambreen Shahnaz2, Sadeeq Jan1, Salma Noor2, Wajeeha Khalil1, Fazal Qudus Khan3, Muhammad Iftikhar Khan4
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 157-164, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012946
    Abstract Classical algorithms and data structures assume that the underlying memory is reliable, and the data remain safe during or after processing. However, the assumption is perilous as several studies have shown that large and inexpensive memories are vulnerable to bit flips. Thus, the correctness of output of a classical algorithm can be threatened by a few memory faults. Fault tolerant data structures and resilient algorithms are developed to tolerate a limited number of faults and provide a correct output based on the uncorrupted part of the data. Suf- fix tree is one of the important… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Three-Dimensional Meshfree Analysis of Interlocking Concrete Blocks for Step Seawall Structure

    Hau Nguyen-Ngoc1,2, H. Nguyen-Xuan3, Magd Abdel-Wahab4,5,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 165-178, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012948
    Abstract This study adapts the flexible characteristic of meshfree method in analyzing three-dimensional (3D) complex geometry structures, which are the interlocking concrete blocks of step seawall. The elastostatic behavior of the block is analysed by solving the Galerkin weak form formulation over local support domain. The 3D moving least square (MLS) approximation is applied to build the interpolation functions of unknowns. The pre-defined number of nodes in an integration domain ranging from 10 to 60 nodes is also investigated for their effect on the studied results. The accuracy and efficiency of the studied method on 3D… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    ACLSTM: A Novel Method for CQA Answer Quality Prediction Based on Question-Answer Joint Learning

    Weifeng Ma*, Jiao Lou, Caoting Ji, Laibin Ma
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 179-193, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011969
    Abstract Given the limitations of the community question answering (CQA) answer quality prediction method in measuring the semantic information of the answer text, this paper proposes an answer quality prediction model based on the question-answer joint learning (ACLSTM). The attention mechanism is used to obtain the dependency relationship between the Question-and-Answer (Q&A) pairs. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Long Short-term Memory Network (LSTM) are used to extract semantic features of Q&A pairs and calculate their matching degree. Besides, answer semantic representation is combined with other effective extended features as the input representation of the fully connected More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Intelligent Approach for Content Authentication and Tampering Detection of Arabic Text Transmitted via Internet

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,2,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 195-211, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012088
    Abstract In this paper, a hybrid intelligent text zero-watermarking approach has been proposed by integrating text zero-watermarking and hidden Markov model as natural language processing techniques for the content authentication and tampering detection of Arabic text contents. The proposed approach known as Second order of Alphanumeric Mechanism of Markov model and Zero-Watermarking Approach (SAMMZWA). Second level order of alphanumeric mechanism based on hidden Markov model is integrated with text zero-watermarking techniques to improve the overall performance and tampering detection accuracy of the proposed approach. The SAMMZWA approach embeds and detects the watermark logically without altering the More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A 360-Degree Panoramic Image Inpainting Network Using a Cube Map

    Seo Woo Han, Doug Young Suh*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 213-228, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012223
    Abstract Inpainting has been continuously studied in the field of computer vision. As artificial intelligence technology developed, deep learning technology was introduced in inpainting research, helping to improve performance. Currently, the input target of an inpainting algorithm using deep learning has been studied from a single image to a video. However, deep learning-based inpainting technology for panoramic images has not been actively studied. We propose a 360-degree panoramic image inpainting method using generative adversarial networks (GANs). The proposed network inputs a 360-degree equirectangular format panoramic image converts it into a cube map format, which has relatively More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Treatment of MHD Flow of Casson Nanofluid via Convectively Heated Non-Linear Extending Surface with Viscous Dissipation and Suction/Injection Effects

    Hammad Alotaibi1,*, Saeed Althubiti1, Mohamed R. Eid2,3, K. L. Mahny4
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 229-245, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012234
    Abstract This paper introduces the effect of heat absorption (generation) and suction (injection) on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary-layer flow of Casson nanofluid (CNF) via a non-linear stretching surface with the viscous dissipation in two dimensions. By utilizing the similarity transformations, the leading PDEs are transformed into a set of ODEs with adequate boundary conditions and then resolved numerically by (4–5)th-order Runge-Kutta Fehlberg procedure based on the shooting technique. Numerical computations are carried out by Maple 15 software. With the support of graphs, the impact of dimensionless control parameters on the nanoparticle concentration profiles, the temperature, and the flow… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Straw Segmentation Algorithm Based on Modified UNet in Complex Farmland Environment

    Yuanyuan Liu1,2, Shuo Zhang1, Haiye Yu3, Yueyong Wang4,*, Yuehan Feng1, Jiahui Sun1, Xiaokang Zhou1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 247-262, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012328
    Abstract Intelligent straw coverage detection plays an important role in agricultural production and the ecological environment. Traditional pattern recognition has some problems, such as low precision and a long processing time, when segmenting complex farmland, which cannot meet the conditions of embedded equipment deployment. Based on these problems, we proposed a novel deep learning model with high accuracy, small model size and fast running speed named Residual Unet with Attention mechanism using depthwise convolution (RADw–UNet). This algorithm is based on the UNet symmetric codec model. All the feature extraction modules of the network adopt the residual… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    MIMO-Terahertz in 6G Nano-Communications: Channel Modeling and Analysis

    Shahid Bashir1, Mohammed H. Alsharif2, Imran Khan3, Mahmoud A. Albreem4, Aduwati Sali5, Borhanuddin Mohd Ali5, Wonjong Noh6,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 263-274, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012404
    Abstract With the development of wireless mobile communication technology, the demand for wireless communication rate and frequency increases year by year. Existing wireless mobile communication frequency tends to be saturated, which demands for new solutions. Terahertz (THz) communication has great potential for the future mobile communications (Beyond 5G), and is also an important technique for the high data rate transmission in spatial information network. THz communication has great application prospects in military-civilian integration and coordinated development. In China, important breakthroughs have been achieved for the key techniques of THz high data rate communications, which is practically… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Computer Methodologies for the Comparison of Some Efficient Derivative Free Simultaneous Iterative Methods for Finding Roots of Non-Linear Equations

    Yuming Chu1, Naila Rafiq2, Mudassir Shams3,*, Saima Akram4, Nazir Ahmad Mir3, Humaira Kalsoom5
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 275-290, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011907
    Abstract In this article, we construct the most powerful family of simultaneous iterative method with global convergence behavior among all the existing methods in literature for finding all roots of non-linear equations. Convergence analysis proved that the order of convergence of the family of derivative free simultaneous iterative method is nine. Our main aim is to check out the most regularly used simultaneous iterative methods for finding all roots of non-linear equations by studying their dynamical planes, numerical experiments and CPU time-methodology. Dynamical planes of iterative methods are drawn by using MATLAB for the comparison of More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Factors that Affect Government Digitization: A Pilot Case Study of Pakistan

    Salman Ahmed*, Muhammad Ali Khan
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 291-301, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012066
    Abstract One of the greatest factors that affects the economic condition of a country is its institutions. In the model of good governance, the primary elements for stronger institution include efficiency, transparency, and accountability; and technology plays a major role in improving these elements. However, there are myriad of challenges when it comes to practical integration of technology in these institutions for efficiency. It is more challenging when a country is developing and one that is already weak economically. It is also important to mention that the challenges of digitization in public sector is not limited… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Confocal 3D Optical Intraoral Scanners and Comparison of Image Capturing Accuracy

    Pokpong Amornvit, Dinesh Rokaya, Chaimongkon Peampring, Sasiwimol Sanohkan*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 303-314, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011943
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Digital Technology and Artificial Intelligence in Medicine and Dentistry)
    Abstract Several capture techniques are used in intraoral optical scanners in the dental market, such as Triangulation (Cerec Omnicam, Dentsply Sirona), Activewave front sampling (3M ESPE) and confocal technology (iTero, Align). The accuracy of intraoral scanners is the most significant focal point for developers to research. This in-vitro study studied the accuracy of confocal scanners launched from 2015-2020 (Trios 3, Trios 4, iTero Element; 3Shape Trios A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark, and iTero Element2, and iTero Element5D; Align Technologies, San Jose, CA, USA). A 3D printing model modified from the American National Standard No. 132 was scanned five times… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases Using Gradient Boosting Regression Method

    Abdu Gumaei1,2,*, Mabrook Al-Rakhami1, Mohamad Mahmoud Al Rahhal3, Fahad Raddah H. Albogamy3, Eslam Al Maghayreh3, Hussain AlSalman1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 315-329, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012045
    Abstract The fast spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARSCoV-2 has become a pandemic and a serious threat to the world. As of May 30, 2020, this disease had infected more than 6 million people globally, with hundreds of thousands of deaths. Therefore, there is an urgent need to predict confirmed cases so as to analyze the impact of COVID-19 and practice readiness in healthcare systems. This study uses gradient boosting regression (GBR) to build a trained model to predict the daily total confirmed cases of COVID-19. The GBR method can minimize the loss function More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Forecast the Influenza Pandemic Using Machine Learning

    Muhammad Adnan Khan1,*, Wajhe Ul Husnain Abidi1,2, Mohammed A. Al Ghamdi3, Sultan H. Almotiri3, Shazia Saqib1, Tahir Alyas1, Khalid Masood Khan1, Nasir Mahmood4
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 331-340, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012148
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence and IoT based intelligent systems using high performance computing for Medical applications.)
    Abstract Forecasting future outbreaks can help in minimizing their spread. Influenza is a disease primarily found in animals but transferred to humans through pigs. In 1918, influenza became a pandemic and spread rapidly all over the world becoming the cause behind killing one-third of the human population and killing one-fourth of the pig population. Afterwards, that influenza became a pandemic several times on a local and global levels. In 2009, influenza ‘A’ subtype H1N1 again took many human lives. The disease spread like in a pandemic quickly. This paper proposes a forecasting modeling system for the… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction Model of Abutment Pressure Affected by Far-Field Hard Stratum Based on Elastic Foundation Theory

    Zhimin Zhang, Tianhe Kang*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 341-357, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012104
    Abstract In view of the three-dimensional dynamic abutment pressure, the influence of the far-field hard stratum (FHS) in deep, thick coal seams is indeterminant. Based on elastic foundation theory, a three-dimensional dynamic prediction model of the abutment pressure was established. Using this model, the dynamic change in the coal seam abutment pressure caused by the movement of the FHS was studied, and a method for determining the dynamic change range of the abutment pressure was developed. The results of the new prediction model of the abutment pressure are slightly higher than the measured values, with an… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Traffic Queuing Management in the Internet of Things: An Optimized RED Algorithm Based Approach

    Abdul Waheed1,2,*, Naila Habib Khan3, Mahdi Zareei4, Shahab Ul Islam5, Latif Jan5,6, Arif Iqbal Umar1, Ehab Mahmoud Mohamed7,8
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 359-372, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012196
    Abstract Congestion control is one of the main obstacles in cyberspace traffic. Overcrowding in internet traffic may cause several problems; such as high packet hold-up, high packet dropping, and low packet output. In the course of data transmission for various applications in the Internet of things, such problems are usually generated relative to the input. To tackle such problems, this paper presents an analytical model using an optimized Random Early Detection (RED) algorithm-based approach for internet traffic management. The validity of the proposed model is checked through extensive simulation-based experiments. An analysis is observed for different More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Feature Extraction and Feature Fusion for Bi-Temporal Satellite Image Classification

    Anju Asokan1, J. Anitha1, Bogdan Patrut2, Dana Danciulescu3, D. Jude Hemanth1,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 373-388, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012364
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning Trends in Intelligent Systems)
    Abstract Multispectral images contain a large amount of spatial and spectral data which are effective in identifying change areas. Deep feature extraction is important for multispectral image classification and is evolving as an interesting research area in change detection. However, many deep learning framework based approaches do not consider both spatial and textural details into account. In order to handle this issue, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based multi-feature extraction and fusion is introduced which considers both spatial and textural features. This method uses CNN to extract the spatio-spectral features from individual channels and fuse them More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Design and Analysis of a Water Quality Monitoring Data Service Platform

    Jianjun Zhang1,*, Yifu Sheng1, Weida Chen2, Haijun Lin1, Guang Sun3, Peng Guo4
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 389-405, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012384
    Abstract Water is one of the basic resources for human survival. Water pollution monitoring and protection have been becoming a major problem for many countries all over the world. Most traditional water quality monitoring systems, however, generally focus only on water quality data collection, ignoring data analysis and data mining. In addition, some dirty data and data loss may occur due to power failures or transmission failures, further affecting data analysis and its application. In order to meet these needs, by using Internet of things, cloud computing, and big data technologies, we designed and implemented a… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Adversarial Active Learning for Named Entity Recognition in Cybersecurity

    Tao Li1, Yongjin Hu1,*, Ankang Ju1, Zhuoran Hu2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 407-420, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012023
    Abstract Owing to the continuous barrage of cyber threats, there is a massive amount of cyber threat intelligence. However, a great deal of cyber threat intelligence come from textual sources. For analysis of cyber threat intelligence, many security analysts rely on cumbersome and time-consuming manual efforts. Cybersecurity knowledge graph plays a significant role in automatics analysis of cyber threat intelligence. As the foundation for constructing cybersecurity knowledge graph, named entity recognition (NER) is required for identifying critical threat-related elements from textual cyber threat intelligence. Recently, deep neural network-based models have attained very good results in NER.… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Mixed Convection of Non-Newtonian Erying Powell Fluid with TemperatureDependent Viscosity over a Vertically Stretched Surface

    Ahlam Aljabali1, Abdul Rahman Mohd Kasim1,*, Nur Syamilah Arifin2, Sharena Mohamad Isa3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 421-435, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012322
    Abstract The viscosity of a substance or material is intensely influenced by the temperature, especially in the field of lubricant engineering where the changeable temperature is well executed. In this paper, the problem of temperature-dependent viscosity on mixed convection flow of Eyring Powell fluid was studied together with Newtonian heating thermal boundary condition. The flow was assumed to move over a vertical stretching sheet. The model of the problem, which is in partial differential equations, was first transformed to ordinary differential equations using appropriate transformations. This approach was considered to reduce the complexity of the equations. More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Financing Strategy of Low-Carbon Supply Chain with Capital Constraint under Cap-and-Trade Regulation

    Changli Lu1, Ming Zhao1,2, Imran Khan3, Peerapong Uthansakul4,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 437-455, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012557
    Abstract Cap-and-trade regulation provides incentives for manufacturers to reduce carbon emissions, but manufacturers’ insufficient capital can disrupt the implementation of low-carbon emission reduction technologies. To alleviate capital constraints, manufacturers can adopt external financing for low-carbon emission reduction investments. This paper studies the independent financing and financing cooperation behavior in a supply chain in which the manufacturer and retailer first implement low-carbon emission reduction technologies and then organize production and sales in accordance with wholesale price contracts. Through comparing the optimal profits and low-carbon emission reduction levels under the independent financing and financing cooperation mode, we come… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Image Recognition of Citrus Diseases Based on Deep Learning

    Zongshuai Liu1, Xuyu Xiang1,2,*, Jiaohua Qin1, Yun Tan1, Qin Zhang1, Neal N. Xiong3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 457-466, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012165
    Abstract In recent years, with the development of machine learning and deep learning, it is possible to identify and even control crop diseases by using electronic devices instead of manual observation. In this paper, an image recognition method of citrus diseases based on deep learning is proposed. We built a citrus image dataset including six common citrus diseases. The deep learning network is used to train and learn these images, which can effectively identify and classify crop diseases. In the experiment, we use MobileNetV2 model as the primary network and compare it with other network models More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhance Intrusion Detection in Computer Networks Based on Deep Extreme Learning Machine

    Muhammad Adnan Khan1,*, Abdur Rehman2, Khalid Masood Khan1, Mohammed A. Al Ghamdi3, Sultan H. Almotiri3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 467-480, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013121
    Abstract Networks provide a significant function in everyday life, and cybersecurity therefore developed a critical field of study. The Intrusion detection system (IDS) becoming an essential information protection strategy that tracks the situation of the software and hardware operating on the network. Notwithstanding advancements of growth, current intrusion detection systems also experience dif- ficulties in enhancing detection precision, growing false alarm levels and identifying suspicious activities. In order to address above mentioned issues, several researchers concentrated on designing intrusion detection systems that rely on machine learning approaches. Machine learning models will accurately identify the underlying variations… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Autonomous Eyewitness Identification by Employing Linguistic Rules for Disaster Events

    Sajjad Haider*, Muhammad Tanvir Afzal
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 481-498, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012057
    Abstract Social networking platforms provide a vital source for disseminating information across the globe, particularly in case of disaster. These platforms are great mean to find out the real account of the disaster. Twitter is an example of such platform, which has been extensively utilized by scientific community due to its unidirectional model. It is considered a challenging task to identify eyewitness tweets about the incident from the millions of tweets shared by twitter users. Research community has proposed diverse sets of techniques to identify eyewitness account. A recent state-of-the-art approach has proposed a comprehensive set… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Secure and Efficient Data Storage and Sharing Scheme Based on Double Blockchain

    Lejun Zhang1,2,*, Minghui Peng1, Weizheng Wang3 , Yansen Su4, Shuna Cui5,6, Seokhoon Kim7
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 499-515, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012205
    Abstract In the digital era, electronic medical record (EMR) has been a major way for hospitals to store patients’ medical data. The traditional centralized medical system and semi-trusted cloud storage are difficult to achieve dynamic balance between privacy protection and data sharing. The storage capacity of blockchain is limited and single blockchain schemes have poor scalability and low throughput. To address these issues, we propose a secure and efficient medical data storage and sharing scheme based on double blockchain. In our scheme, we encrypt the original EMR and store it in the cloud. The storage blockchain… More >

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    ARTICLE

    A Dynamically Reconfigurable Accelerator Design Using a Sparse-Winograd Decomposition Algorithm for CNNs

    Yunping Zhao, Jianzhuang Lu*, Xiaowen Chen
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 517-535, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012380
    Abstract Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are widely used in many fields. Due to their high throughput and high level of computing characteristics, however, an increasing number of researchers are focusing on how to improve the computational efficiency, hardware utilization, or flexibility of CNN hardware accelerators. Accordingly, this paper proposes a dynamically reconfigurable accelerator architecture that implements a Sparse-Winograd F(2 2.3 3)-based high-parallelism hardware architecture. This approach not only eliminates the pre-calculation complexity associated with the Winograd algorithm, thereby reducing the difficulty of hardware implementation, but also greatly improves the flexibility of the hardware; as a result, More >

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    ARTICLE

    Modelling Insurance Losses with a New Family of Heavy-Tailed Distributions

    Muhammad Arif1, Dost Muhammad Khan1, Saima Khan Khosa2, Muhammad Aamir1, Adnan Aslam3, Zubair Ahmad4, Wei Gao5,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 537-550, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012420
    Abstract The actuaries always look for heavy-tailed distributions to model data relevant to business and actuarial risk issues. In this article, we introduce a new class of heavy-tailed distributions useful for modeling data in financial sciences. A specific sub-model form of our suggested family, named as a new extended heavy-tailed Weibull distribution is examined in detail. Some basic characterizations, including quantile function and raw moments have been derived. The estimates of the unknown parameters of the new model are obtained via the maximum likelihood estimation method. To judge the performance of the maximum likelihood estimators, a… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Tunicate Swarm-Optimization-Algorithm-Based Lightweight Security Mechanism in Internet of Health Things

    Gia Nhu Nguyen1,2, Nin Ho Le Viet1,2, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi3, Bhanu Shrestha4,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 551-562, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012441
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Intelligent Decision Support Systems for Complex Healthcare Applications)
    Abstract Fog computing in the Internet of Health Things (IoHT) is promising owing to the increasing need for energy- and latency-optimized health sector provisioning. Additionally, clinical data (particularly, medical image data) are a delicate, highly protected resource that should be utilized in an effective and responsible manner to fulfil consumer needs. Herein, we propose an energy-effi- cient fog-based IoHT with a tunicate swarm-optimization-(TSO)-based lightweight Simon cipher to enhance the energy efficiency at the fog layer and the security of data stored at the cloud server. The proposed Simon cipher uses the TSO algorithm to select the More >

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    ARTICLE

    A Rasterized Lightning Disaster Risk Method for Imbalanced Sets Using Neural Network

    Yan Zhang1,2, Jin Han1,2,*, Chengsheng Yuan1,2, Shuo Yang3, Chuanlong Li1,2, Xingming Sun1,2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 563-574, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012502
    Abstract Over the past 10 years, lightning disaster has caused a large number of casualties and considerable economic loss worldwide. Lightning poses a huge threat to various industries. In an attempt to reduce the risk of lightning-caused disaster, many scholars have carried out in-depth research on lightning. However, these studies focus primarily on the lightning itself and other meteorological elements are ignored. In addition, the methods for assessing the risk of lightning disaster fail to give detailed attention to regional features (lightning disaster risk). This paper proposes a grid-based risk assessment method based on data from… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Effects of Combined Heat and Mass Transfer on Entropy Generation due to MHD Nanofluid Flow over a Rotating Frame

    F. Mabood1, T. A. Yusuf2, A. M. Rashad3, W. A. Khan4,*, Hossam A. Nabwey5,6
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 575-587, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012505
    Abstract The current investigation aims to explore the combined effects of heat and mass transfer on free convection of Sodium alginate-Fe3O4 based Brinkmann type nanofluid flow over a vertical rotating frame. The Tiwari and Das nanofluid model is employed to examine the effects of dimensionless numbers, including Grashof, Eckert, and Schmidt numbers and governing parameters like solid volume fraction of nanoparticles, Hall current, magnetic field, viscous dissipation, and the chemical reaction on the physical quantities. The dimensionless nonlinear partial differential equations are solved using a finite difference method known as Runge-Kutta Fehlberg (RKF-45) method. The variation More >

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    ARTICLE

    Smart Healthcare Using Data-Driven Prediction of Immunization Defaulters in Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)

    Sadaf Qazi1, Muhammad Usman1, Azhar Mahmood1, Aaqif Afzaal Abbasi2, Muhammad Attique3, Yunyoung Nam4,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 589-602, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012507
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence and IoT based intelligent systems using high performance computing for Medical applications.)
    Abstract Immunization is a noteworthy and proven tool for eliminating lifethreating infectious diseases, child mortality and morbidity. Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is a nation-wide program in Pakistan to implement immunization activities, however the coverage is quite low despite the accessibility of free vaccination. This study proposes a defaulter prediction model for accurate identification of defaulters. Our proposed framework classifies defaulters at five different stages: defaulter, partially high, partially medium, partially low, and unvaccinated to reinforce targeted interventions by accurately predicting children at high risk of defaulting from the immunization schedule. Different machine learning algorithms are… More >

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    ARTICLE

    FogMed: A Fog-Based Framework for Disease Prognosis Based Medical Sensor Data Streams

    Le Sun1,*, Qiandi Yu1, Dandan Peng1, Sudha Subramani2, Xuyang Wang1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 603-619, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012515
    Abstract Recently, an increasing number of works start investigating the combination of fog computing and electronic health (ehealth) applications. However, there are still numerous unresolved issues worth to be explored. For instance, there is a lack of investigation on the disease prediction in fog environment and only limited studies show, how the Quality of Service (QoS) levels of fog services and the data stream mining techniques influence each other to improve the disease prediction performance (e.g., accuracy and time efficiency). To address these issues, we propose a fog-based framework for disease prediction based on Medical sensor More >

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    ARTICLE

    Recommender Systems Based on Tensor Decomposition

    Zhoubao Sun1,*, Xiaodong Zhang1, Haoyuan Li1, Yan Xiao2, Haifeng Guo3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 621-630, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012593
    Abstract Recommender system is an effective tool to solve the problems of information overload. The traditional recommender systems, especially the collaborative filtering ones, only consider the two factors of users and items. While social networks contain abundant social information, such as tags, places and times. Researches show that the social information has a great impact on recommendation results. Tags not only describe the characteristics of items, but also reflect the interests and characteristics of users. Since the traditional recommender systems cannot parse multi-dimensional information, in this paper, a tensor decomposition model based on tag regularization is More >

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    ARTICLE

    A Framework for Systematic Classification of Assets for Security Testing

    Sadeeq Jan1,*, Omer Bin Tauqeer1, Fazal Qudus Khan2, George Tsaramirsis2, Awais Ahmad3, Iftikhar Ahmad4, Imran Maqsood5, Niamat Ullah6
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 631-645, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012831
    Abstract Over the last decade, a significant increase has been observed in the use of web-based Information systems that process sensitive information, e.g., personal, financial, medical. With this increased use, the security of such systems became a crucial aspect to ensure safety, integrity and authenticity of the data. To achieve the objectives of data safety, security testing is performed. However, with growth and diversity of information systems, it is challenging to apply security testing for each and every system. Therefore, it is important to classify the assets based on their required level of security using an More >

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    ARTICLE

    Resampling Factor Estimation via Dual-Stream Convolutional Neural Network

    Shangjun Luo1, Junwei Luo1, Wei Lu1,*, Yanmei Fang1, Jinhua Zeng2, Shaopei Shi2, Yue Zhang3,4
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 647-657, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012869
    Abstract The estimation of image resampling factors is an important problem in image forensics. Among all the resampling factor estimation methods, spectrumbased methods are one of the most widely used methods and have attracted a lot of research interest. However, because of inherent ambiguity, spectrum-based methods fail to discriminate upscale and downscale operations without any prior information. In general, the application of resampling leaves detectable traces in both spatial domain and frequency domain of a resampled image. Firstly, the resampling process will introduce correlations between neighboring pixels. In this case, a set of periodic pixels that… More >

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    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Surface Pit Treatment on Fretting Fatigue Crack Initiation

    Qingming Deng1,2, Xiaochun Yin1, Magd Abdel Wahab3,4,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 659-673, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012878
    Abstract This paper analyses the effect of surface treatment on fretting fatigue specimen by numerical simulations using Finite Element Analysis. The processed specimen refers to artificially adding a cylindrical pit to its contact surface. Then, the contact radius between the pad and the specimen is controlled by adjusting the radius of the pit. The stress distribution and slip amplitude of the contact surface under different contact geometries are compared. The critical plane approach is used to predict the crack initiation life and to evaluate the effect of processed specimen on its fretting fatigue performance. Both crack More >

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    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Convective Transport of Temperature-Dependent Viscosity for Non-Newtonian Erying Powell Fluid: A Numerical Approach

    Ahlam Aljabali1, Abdul Rahman Mohd Kasim1,*, Nur Syamilah Arifin2, Sharena Mohamad Isa3, Noor Amalina Nisa Ariffin1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 675-689, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012334
    Abstract Non-Newtonian is a type of fluid that does not comply with the viscosity under the Law of Newton and is being widely used in industrial applications. These include those related to chemical industries, cosmetics manufacturing, pharmaceutical field, food processing, as well as oil and gas activities. The inability of the conventional equations of Navier–Stokes to accurately depict rheological behavior for certain fluids led to an emergence study for non-Newtonian fluids’ models. In line with this, a mathematical model of forced convective flow on non-Newtonian Eyring Powell fluid under temperature-dependent viscosity (TDV) circumstance is formulated. The… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Analysis of the Smart Player’s Impact on the Success of a Team Empowered with Machine Learning

    Muhammad Adnan Khan1,*, Mubashar Habib1, Shazia Saqib1, Tahir Alyas1, Khalid Masood Khan1, Mohammed A. Al Ghamdi2, Sultan H. Almotiri2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 691-706, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012542
    Abstract The innovation and development in data science have an impact in all trades of life. The commercialization of sport has encouraged players, coaches, and other concerns to use technology to be in better position than r their opponents. In the past, the focus was on improved training techniques for better physical performance. These days, sports analytics identify the patterns in the performance and highlight strengths and weaknesses of potential players. Sports analytics not only predict the performance of players in the near future but it also performs predictive modeling for a particular behavior of a… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Potential Inhibitory Effect of Vitamins Against COVID-19

    Kashaf Junaid1,*, Sumera Qasim2, Humaira Yasmeen3, Hasan Ejaz1, Abdullah Alsrhani1, Muhammad Ikram Ullah1, Fahad Ahmad4, Abdul Rehman5
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 707-714, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012976
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Mathematical aspects of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Analysis and Control)
    Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a current pandemic that has affected more than 195 countries worldwide. In this severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, when treatment strategies are not yet clear and vaccines are not available, vitamins are an excellent choice to protect against this viral infection. The rationale behind this study was to examine the inhibitory effect of vitamins B, C, and D against the main protease of SARSCoV-2 and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which have critical rolesin the immune system. Molecular docking, performed by using MOE-Dock of the Chemical Computing Group,… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Artificial Intelligence-Based Semantic Segmentation of Ocular Regions for Biometrics and Healthcare Applications

    Rizwan Ali Naqvi1, Dildar Hussain2, Woong-Kee Loh3,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 715-732, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013249
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Intelligent Decision Support Systems for Complex Healthcare Applications)
    Abstract Multiple ocular region segmentation plays an important role in different applications such as biometrics, liveness detection, healthcare, and gaze estimation. Typically, segmentation techniques focus on a single region of the eye at a time. Despite the number of obvious advantages, very limited research has focused on multiple regions of the eye. Similarly, accurate segmentation of multiple eye regions is necessary in challenging scenarios involving blur, ghost effects low resolution, off-angles, and unusual glints. Currently, the available segmentation methods cannot address these constraints. In this paper, to address the accurate segmentation of multiple eye regions in… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Emergency Prioritized and Congestion Handling Protocol for Medical Internet of Things

    Sabeen Tahir*, Sheikh Tahir Bakhsh, Rayed AlGhamdi
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 733-749, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013261
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Intelligent Decision Support Systems for Complex Healthcare Applications)
    Abstract Medical Internet of Things (MIoTs) is a collection of small and energyefficient wireless sensor devices that monitor the patient’s body. The healthcare networks transmit continuous data monitoring for the patients to survive them independently. There are many improvements in MIoTs, but still, there are critical issues that might affect the Quality of Service (QoS) of a network. Congestion handling is one of the critical factors that directly affect the QoS of the network. The congestion in MIoT can cause more energy consumption, delay, and important data loss. If a patient has an emergency, then the… More >

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