Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.34, No.3, 2013
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  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Preface

    A.M. Waas
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.34, No.3, 2013, DOI:empty
    Abstract Fiber reinforced composites (FRCs) are fast becoming the material of choice in a wide range of applications where lightweight and high performance are critical. The deformation response, damage onset and failure of pre-preg based FRCs, textile FRCs and nanocomposites (where filler is reinforced with particles of dimensions in the nanometer scale) are now contemporary fields of research and there is wide variety of experimental, analytical and computational advances that have recently emerged. In this special issue of the CMC journal, leading experts in the mechanics of composites have contributed 14 papers devoted to addressing the deformation response, damage onset and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Corotational Formulation of Reduced Order Homogenization

    V. Filonova1, Y. Liu1, M. Bailakanavar1, J. Fish1, Z. Yuan2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 177-198, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.034.177
    Abstract A corotational formulation for reduced order homogenization is presented. While in principle the proposed method is valid for problems with arbitrary large strains, it is computational advantageous over the classical direct computational homogenization method for large rotations but moderate unit cell distortions. We validate the method for several large deformation problems including: (i) hat-section composite beam with two-dimensional chopped tow composite architecture, (ii) polyethylene microstructure consisting of 'hard' and 'soft' domains (segments), and (iii) fiber framework called fiberform either embedded or not in an amorphous matrix. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Failure Analysis of Bolted Joints in Cross-ply Composite Laminates Using Cohesive Zone Elements

    A. Ataş1, C. Soutis2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 199-226, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.034.199
    Abstract A strength prediction method is presented for double-lap single fastener bolted joints of cross-ply carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite laminates using cohesive zone elements (CZEs). Three-dimensional finite element models were developed and CZEs were inserted into subcritical damage planes identified from X-ray radiographs. The method makes a compromise between the experimental correlation factors (dependant on lay-up, stacking sequence and joint geometry) and three material properties (fracture energy, interlaminar strength and nonlinear shear stress-strain response). Strength of the joints was determined from the predicted load-displacement curves considering sub-laminate and plylevel scaling effects. The predictions are in a reasonable agreement with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Higher Order Synergistic Damage Model for Prediction of Stiffness Changes due to Ply Cracking in Composite Laminates

    Chandra Veer Singh1,*
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 227-249, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.034.227
    Abstract A non-linear damage model is developed for the prediction of stiffness degradation in composite laminates due to transverse matrix cracking. The model follows the framework of a recently developed synergistic damage mechanics (SDM) approach which combines the strengths of micro-damage mechanics and continuum damage mechanics (CDM) through the so-called constraint parameters. A common limitation of the current CDM and SDM models has been the tendency to over-predict stiffness changes at high crack densities due to linearity inherent in their stiffness-damage relationships. The present paper extends this SDM approach by including higher order damage terms in the characterization of ply cracking… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Stress Singularities on Scaling of Fracture of Metal-Composite Hybrid Structures

    Jia-Liang Le1, Bing Xue1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 251-264, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.034.251
    Abstract It has been recently shown that the nominal structural strength of metal-composite structures depends on the structure size, and such dependence is strongly influenced by the stress singularities. Nevertheless, previous studies only focused on structures that exhibit very strong stress singularities, which are close to the crack-like stress singularity. In the actual engineering designs, due to the mismatch of material properties and complex structural geometries, many metalcomposite structures may contain stress singularities that are much weaker than the crack-like stress singularity. This paper presents a numerical study on the size dependence of scaling of fracture of metal-composite hybrid structures for… More >

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