Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.35, No.1, 2013
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Tow Gaps on Compression after Impact Strength of Robotically Laminated Structures

    A. T. Rhead1, T. J. Dodwell1, R. Butler1,2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 1-16, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.001
    Abstract When (robotic) Automated Fibre Placement (AFP) is used to manufacture aerospace components with complex three dimensional geometries, gaps between fibre tows can occur. This paper explores the interaction under compressive load of these tow gaps with impact damage. Two coupons with different distributions of tow-gaps were impacted. Results indicated that the area of delamination is smaller for an impact directly over a tow gap where the tow gap is situated close to the non-impact face. Subsequent Compression After Impact (CAI) testing demonstrated that both the formation of sublaminate buckles and subsequent growth of delaminations is inhibited by the presence of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Approach to Modeling of Interfacial Fiber/Matrix Cyclic Debonding

    Paria Naghipour1, Evan J. Pineda2, Steven M. Arnold2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 17-33, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.017
    Abstract The micromechanics theory, generalized method of cells (GMC), was employed to simulate the debonding of fiber/matrix interfaces, within a repeating unit cell subjected to global, cyclic loading, utilizing a cyclic crack growth law. Cycle dependent, interfacial debonding was implemented as a new module to the available GMC formulation. The degradation of interfacial stresses with applied load cycles was achieved via progressive evolution of the interfacial compliance A periodic repeating unit cell, representing the fiber/matrix architecture of a composite, was subjected to combined normal and shear loadings, and degradation of the global transverse stress in successive cycles was monitored. The obtained… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Scale Specific Features on the Progressive Damage of Woven Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)

    K. C. Liu1, S. M. Arnold2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 35-65, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.035
    Abstract It is well known that failure of a material is a locally driven event. In the case of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs), significant variations in the microstructure of the composite exist and their significance on both deformation and life response need to be assessed. Examples of these variations include changes in the fiber tow shape, tow shifting/nesting and voids within and between tows. In the present work, the influence of many of these scale specific architectural features of woven ceramic composite are examined stochastically at both the macroscale (woven repeating unit cell (RUC)) and structural scale (idealized using multiple RUCs).… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Analysis of Delamination inWoven Composites under Quasi-Static Indentation

    M. C. Song1, B.V. Sankar1, G. Subhash1, C. F. Yen2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 67-85, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.035.067
    Abstract Delamination initiation and propagation in plain woven laminates and 3D orthogonal woven composites during short beam shear (SBS) test were analyzed using finite element (FE) analyses. Two kinds of 3D woven composites, containing single z-yarns and double z-yarns, were considered. The FE models were guided by experimental observations from SBS tests for the same material systems. A series of mechanisms including creation and evolution of matrix cracks and delaminations were modeled discretely. The force-displacement curves obtained from the FE simulations were compared with those from experiments. Further parametric studies were conducted to investigate the effects of z-yarns and interlaminar fracture… More >

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