Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.2, No.2, 2005
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chance-Constrained Optimization of Pumping in Coastal Aquifers by Stochastic Boundary Element Method and Genetic Algorithm

    B. Amaziane1, A. Naji2, D. Ouazar3, A. H.-D. Cheng4
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 85-96, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2005.002.085
    Abstract In this paper the optimization of groundwater pumping in coastal aquifers under the threat of saltwater intrusion is investigated. The aquifer is inhomogeneous and contains several hydraulic conductivities zones. The aquifer data such as the hydraulic conductivities are uncertain, but with their expected mean and standard deviation values given. A stochastic boundary element method based on the perturbation technique is employed as the simulation tool. The stochastic optimization is handled by the chance-constrained programming. Genetic algorithm is selected as the optimization tool. Numerical examples of deterministic and stochastic problems are provided to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed schemes. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analytical Approach to Cell Geometry Description

    P. Dabnichki1, A. Zhivkov2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 97-104, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2005.002.097
    Abstract A novel method for geometric reconstruction of smooth pseudo-rotational objects based on elliptic functions is developed. Based on the apparatus of theta functions analytical expressions for the main geometric invariants are derived. Reconstruction of asymmetric and irregular objects is illustrated. The advantages of the proposed technique lay in the following: i) reconstruction is computationally very fast and would allow a qualitative change in the current research practices, i.e. real-time monitoring and analysis of the responses of large cell samples ii) the accuracy of the method is very high and can be flexibly varied iii) the method allows quantitative analysis as… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A CFD/CSD Model for Transonic Flutter

    Tong-qing Guo, Zhi-liang Lu1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 105-112, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2005.002.105
    Abstract In this paper, a rapid deforming technique is developed to generate dynamic, three-dimensional, multi-block, mesh. The second-order Runge-Kutta time-marching method is used to solve the structural equations of motion. A dual-time method and finite volume discretization are applied for the unsteady Euler/Navier-Stokes equations to calculate the aerodynamic forces, in which the physical time step is synchronous with the structural equations of motion. The Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model is adopted for a turbulent flow. Due to mass dissimilarity, exiting in flutter calculations for a compressible flow, methods of variable mass and variable stiffness are developed to calculate the dynamic pressure of flutter… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bond Graph Modelling and Simulation of Static Recrystallization Kinetics in Multipass Hot Steel Rolling

    S.K. Pal1, D.A. Linkens2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 113-118, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2005.002.113
    Abstract In hot rolling, the final thickness of the strip is achieved through plastic deformation of the original stock by a series of counter-rotating rollers. In this work, static recrystallization kinetics in between two stages of steel rolling has been modelled, and simulation studies have also been performed to find out the effect of entry temperature on the recrystallization kinetics. A viable bond graph model has been developed to study the kinetics of the process. Low-carbon steel has been considered for this purpose. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Three-Dimensional Asymptotic Theory of Laminated Piezoelectric Shells

    Chih-Ping Wu, Jyh-Yeuan Lo, Jyh-Ka Chao1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 119-138, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2005.002.119
    Abstract An asymptotic theory of doubly curved laminated piezoelectric shells is developed on the basis of three-dimensional (3D) linear piezoelectricity. The twenty-two basic equations of 3D piezoelectricity are firstly reduced to eight differential equations in terms of eight primary variables of elastic and electric fields. By means of nondimensionalization, asymptotic expansion and successive integration, we can obtain recurrent sets of governing equations for various order problems. The two-dimensional equations in the classical laminated piezoelectric shell theory (CST) are derived as a first-order approximation to the 3D piezoelectricity. Higher-order corrections as well as the first-order solution can be determined by treating the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Three-dimensional Finite Element Buckling Analysis of Honeycomb Sandwich Composite Shells with Cutouts

    J. Li, Z. H. Xiang, M. D. Xue1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 139-150, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2005.002.139
    Abstract This paper investigates the buckling response of honeycomb sandwich composite shells with cutouts under axial compression. The Wilson's incompatible solid Finite Element (FE) is used around cutouts to obtain the detail stress distribution there. While to reduce the computational expense, a special multilayered relative degrees-of-freedom (DOF) shell FE is used to model the regions far from the cutouts. The efficiency and accuracy of this modeling scheme are illustrated by two benchmarks. Then parametric studies are carried out to reveal how the buckling response is influenced by the area, the shape and the orientation of cutouts. More >

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