Vol.22, No.3, 2011-Table of Contents
  • A Meshless Numerical Method for Kirchhoff Plates under Arbitrary Loadings
  • Abstract This paper describes the combination of the method of fundamental solutions (MFS) and the dual reciprocity method (DRM) as a meshless numerical method to solve problems of Kirchhoff plates under arbitrary loadings. In the solution procedure, a arbitrary distributed loading is first approximated by either the multiquadrics (MQ) or the augmented polyharmonic splines (APS), which are constructed by splines and monomials. The particular solutions of multiquadrics, splines and monomials are all derived analytically and explicitly. Then, the complementary solutions are solved formally by the MFS. Furthermore, the boundary conditions of lateral displacement, slope, normal moment, and effective shear force are… More
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  • Experimental and Numerical Study of Dynamic Fragmentation in Laser Shock-Loaded Gold and Aluminium Targets
  • Abstract With the ongoing development of high energy laser facilities designed to achieve inertial confinement fusion, the ability to simulate debris ejection from metallic shells subjected to intense laser irradiation has become a key issue. We present an experimental and numerical study of fragmentation processes generating high velocity ejecta from laser shock-loaded metallic targets (aluminium and gold). Optical transverse shadowgraphy is used to observe and analyze dynamic fragmentation and debris ejection. Experimental results are compared to computations involving a fragmentation model based on a probabilistic description of material tensile strength. A correct overall consistency is obtained. More
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  • Estimation of Natural-Convection Heat-Transfer Characteristics from Vertical Fins Mounted on a Vertical Plate
  • Abstract The inverse scheme of the finite difference method in conjunction with the least-squares scheme and experimental measured temperatures is proposed to solve a two-dimensional steady-state inverse heat conduction problem in order to estimate the natural-convection heat transfer coefficient under the isothermal situation [`h] iso from three vertical fins mounted on a vertical plate and fin efficiency hf for various values of the fin spacing and fin height. The measured fin temperatures and ambient air temperature are measured from the present experimental apparatus conducted in a small wind tunnel. The heat transfer coefficient on the middle fin of three vertical fins… More
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  • Estimation of the Residual Stiffness of Fire-Damaged Concrete Members
  • Abstract The residual stiffness of concrete member after fire is a very important parameter of the load-bearing ability and seismic performance of fire-damaged concrete structures. It is also one of the most important criteria for repairing and reinforcing the fire-damaged concrete structures. Based on the equivalent elastic modulus method, improved segment model method and parameter inversion method developed in this paper, the residual stiffness of concrete members exposed to standard fire is calculated and the effects of fire duration, steel ratio and section size on the stiffness are also presented in detail. The results show that these three methods can easily… More
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