Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.41, No.3, 2014
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Simple Locking-Alleviated 3D 8-Node Mixed-Collocation C0 Finite Element with Over-Integration, for Functionally-Graded and Laminated Thick-Section Plates and Shells, with & without Z-Pins

    Leiting Dong1,2, Ahmed S. El-Gizawy3, Khalid A. Juhany3, Satya N. Atluri2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 163-192, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.041.163
    Abstract Following previous work of [Dong, El-Gizawy, Juhany, Atluri (2014)], a simple locking-alleviated 3D 8-node mixed-collocation C0 finite element (denoted as CEH8) is developed in this study, for the modeling of functionally-graded or laminated thick-section composite plates and shells, without using higher-order or layer-wise zig-zag plate and shell theories which are widely popularized in the current literature. The present C0 element independently assumes an 18-parameter linearly-varying Cartesian strain field. The independently assumed Cartesian strains are related to the Cartesian strains derived from mesh-based Cartesian displacement interpolations, by exactly enforcing 18 pre-defined constraints at 18 pre-selected collocation points. The constraints are rationally… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ANN Model to Predict Fracture Characteristics of High Strength and Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams

    Yuvaraj P1, A Ramachra Murthy2, Nagesh R Iyer3, S.K. Sekar4, Pijush Samui5
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 193-214, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.041.193
    Abstract This paper presents fracture mechanics based Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model to predict the fracture characteristics of high strength and ultra high strength concrete beams. Fracture characteristics include fracture energy (Gf), critical stress intensity factor (KIC) and critical crack tip opening displacement (CTODc). Failure load of the beam (Pmax) is also predicated by using ANN model. Characterization of mix and testing of beams of high strength and ultra strength concrete have been described. Methodologies for evaluation of fracture energy, critical stress intensity factor and critical crack tip opening displacement have been outlined. Back-propagation training technique has been employed for updating… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Matrix Crack Detection in Composite Plate with Spatially Random Material Properties using Fractal Dimension

    K. Umesh1, R. Ganguli1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 215-240, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.041.215
    Abstract Fractal dimension based damage detection method is investigated for a composite plate with random material properties. Composite material shows spatially varying random material properties because of complex manufacturing processes. Matrix cracks are considered as damage in the composite plate. Such cracks are often seen as the initial damage mechanism in composites under fatigue loading and also occur due to low velocity impact. Static deflection of the cantilevered composite plate with uniform loading is calculated using the finite element method. Damage detection is carried out based on sliding window fractal dimension operator using the static deflection. Two dimensional homogeneous Gaussian random… More >

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