Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.14, No.2, 2009
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Applications of the Phase-Coded Generalized Hough Transform to Feature Detection, Analysis, and Segmentation of Digital Microstructures

    Stephen R. Niezgoda1, Surya R. Kalidindi1,2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 79-98, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.014.079
    Abstract The generalized Hough transform is a common technique for feature detection in image processing. In this paper, we develop a size invariant Hough framework for the detection of arbitrary shapes in three dimensional digital microstructure datasets. The Hough transform is efficiently implemented via kernel convolution with complex Hough filters, where shape is captured in the magnitude of the filter and scale in the complex phase. In this paper, we further generalize the concept of a Hough filter by encoding other parameters of interest (e.g. orientation of plate or fiber constituents) in the complex phase, broadening the applicability of Hough transform… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Studies of Texture Gradients in the Localized Necking Band of AA5754 by EBSD and Microstructure-Based Finite Element Modeling

    Xiaohua Hu1, Gordana A. Cingara1, David S. Wilkinson1, Mukesh Jain2, PeidongWu2, Raja K. Mishra3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 99-124, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.014.099
    Abstract This work aims to understand the texture distribution in the localized necking band formed during uni-axial tension of AA5754 using an edge-constrained, plane strain post-necking FE model. The model domain is a long cross section of the band. Initial grain structure is mapped into the mesh from EBSD data using a modified Voroni-cell interpolation and considering pre-straining prior to localized necking. The material points in grains are assumed to exhibit isotropic elastoplastic behavior but have a relative strength in terms of Taylor factors which are updated by a Taylor-Bishop-Hill model. The predicted textures and gradients within the localized necking band… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling Intergranular Crack Propagation in Polycrystalline Materials

    M.A.Arafin1, J.A.Szpunar2
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 125-140, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.014.125
    Abstract A novel microstructure, texture and grain boundary character based model has been proposed to simulate the intergranular crack propagation behavior in textured polycrystalline materials. The model utilizes the Voronoi algorithm and Monte Carlo simulations to construct the microstructure with desired grain shape factor, takes the texture description of the materials to assign the orientations of the grains, evaluates the grain boundary character based on the misorientation angle - axis calculated from the orientations of the neighboring grains, and takes into account the inclination of grain boundaries with respect to the external stress direction. Markov Chain theory has been applied to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Eulerian-Based Formulation for Studying the Evolution of the Microstructure under Plastic Deformations

    S.Ahmadi1, B.L.Adams1 , D.T.Fullwood1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 141-170, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.014.141
    Abstract In this paper, a model is introduced to examine the evolution of the microstructure function under plastic deformations. This model is based upon a double continuity relationship that conserves both material particles in the mass space and orientations in the orientation space. An Eulerian description of the motion of material particles and orientations is considered, and continuity relations are derived for both spaces. To show how the proposed model works, two different case studies are provided. In the mass space, the continuity relation is used to examine the evolution of the microstructure function of a two-phase (isotropic) material; while, in… More >

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