Home / Journals / CMC / Vol.19, No.3, 2010
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Properties of Cortical Bone Tissue: Izod Tests and Numerical Study

    Adel A. Abdel-Wahab1, Angelo Maligno1, Vadim V. Silberschmidt1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 217-238, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.217
    Abstract Bone is the principal structural component of a skeleton: it assists the load-bearing framework of a living body. Structural integrity of this component is important; understanding of its mechanical behaviour up to failure is necessary for prevention and diagnostic of trauma. In dynamic events such as traumatic falls, involvement in car crash and sports injuries, bone can be exposed to loads exceeding its structural strength and/or fracture toughness. By developing adequate numerical models to predict and describe its deformation and fracture behaviour up to fracture, a detailed study of reasons for, and ways to prevent or treatment methods of, bone… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Viscous Equations of Fluid Film Dynamics

    Pavel Grinfeld1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 239-254, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.239
    Abstract We model viscosity in the framework of the exact nonlinear equations of fluid film dynamics. The proposed approach yields monotonic dissipation of energy and guarantees that viscous forces are not engaged when the film undergoes rigid motion. With the addition of viscosity, the governing system has all the essential elements - inertia, surface tension, interaction with the ambient medium, influence of external fields and, now, viscosity - for accurate prediction and interpretation of experimental observations. The fluid film is modelled as a two-dimensional manifold. The film's thickness is represented by a surface density function. The resulting system is the fluid… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Analysis of Large Strain Simple Shear and Fixed-End Torsion of HCP Polycrystals

    H. Wang1, Y. Wu2, P.D. Wu1, K.W. Neale3
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 255-284, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.255
    Abstract Large strain homogeneous simple shear of Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP) polycrystals is first studied numerically. The analyses are based on the classical Taylor model and the Visco-Plastic Self-Consistent (VPSC) model with various Self-Consistent Schemes (SCSs). In these polycrystal plasticity models, both slip and twinning contribute to plastic deformations. The simple shear results are then extended to the case of solid circular bars under large strain fixed-end torsion, where it is assumed that the solid bar has the same mechanical properties as the element analyzed for large strain simple shear. It is shown that the predicted second-order axial force is very… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Fictitious Time Integration Method for Multi-Dimensional Backward Heat Conduction Problems

    Chih-Wen Chang1
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 285-314, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.019.285
    Abstract In this article, we propose a new numerical approach for solving these multi-dimensional nonlinear and nonhomogeneous backward heat conduction problems (BHCPs). A fictitious time t is employed to transform the dependent variable u(x, y, z, t) into a new one by (1+t)u(x, y, z, t)=: v(x, y, z, t, t), such that the original nonlinear and nonhomogeneous heat conduction equation is written as a new parabolic type partial differential equation in the space of (x, y, z, t, t). In addition, a fictitious viscous damping coefficient can be used to strengthen the stability of numerical integration of the discretized equations… More >

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