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Emergency Prioritized and Congestion Handling Protocol for Medical Internet of Things

Sabeen Tahir*, Sheikh Tahir Bakhsh, Rayed AlGhamdi

Information Technology Department, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Sabeen Tahir. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Intelligent Decision Support Systems for Complex Healthcare Applications)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(1), 733-749.


Medical Internet of Things (MIoTs) is a collection of small and energyefficient wireless sensor devices that monitor the patient’s body. The healthcare networks transmit continuous data monitoring for the patients to survive them independently. There are many improvements in MIoTs, but still, there are critical issues that might affect the Quality of Service (QoS) of a network. Congestion handling is one of the critical factors that directly affect the QoS of the network. The congestion in MIoT can cause more energy consumption, delay, and important data loss. If a patient has an emergency, then the life-critical signals must transmit with minimum latency. During emergencies, the MIoTs have to monitor the patients continuously and transmit data (e.g., ECG, BP, heart rate, etc.) with minimum delay. Therefore, there is an efficient technique required that can transmit emergency data of high-risk patients to the medical staff on time with maximum reliability. The main objective of this research is to monitor and transmit the patient’s real-time data efficiently and to prioritize the emergency data. In this paper, Emergency Prioritized and Congestion Handling Protocol for Medical IoTs (EPCP_MIoT) is proposed that efficiently monitors the patients and overcome the congestion by enabling different monitoring modes. Whereas the emergency data transmissions are prioritized and transmit at SIFS time. The proposed technique is implemented and compared with the previous technique, the comparison results show that the proposed technique outperforms the previous techniques in terms of network throughput, end to end delay, energy consumption, and packet loss ratio.


Cite This Article

S. Tahir, S. Tahir Bakhsh and R. AlGhamdi, "Emergency prioritized and congestion handling protocol for medical internet of things," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.1, pp. 733–749, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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