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Efficient Flexible M-Tree Bulk Loading Using FastMap and Space-Filling Curves

Woong-Kee Loh*

Department of Software, Gachon University, Seongnam, 13120, South Korea

* Corresponding Author: Woong-Kee Loh. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(2), 1251-1267.


Many database applications currently deal with objects in a metric space. Examples of such objects include unstructured multimedia objects and points of interest (POIs) in a road network. The M-tree is a dynamic index structure that facilitates an efficient search for objects in a metric space. Studies have been conducted on the bulk loading of large datasets in an M-tree. However, because previous algorithms involve excessive distance computations and disk accesses, they perform poorly in terms of their index construction and search capability. This study proposes two efficient M-tree bulk loading algorithms. Our algorithms minimize the number of distance computations and disk accesses using FastMap and a space-filling curve, thereby significantly improving the index construction and search performance. Our second algorithm is an extension of the first, and it incorporates a partitioning clustering technique and flexible node architecture to further improve the search performance. Through the use of various synthetic and real-world datasets, the experimental results demonstrated that our algorithms improved the index construction performance by up to three orders of magnitude and the search performance by up to 20.3 times over the previous algorithm.


Cite This Article

W. Loh and . , "Efficient flexible m-tree bulk loading using fastmap and space-filling curves," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.2, pp. 1251–1267, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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