Open Access iconOpen Access



Experimental Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Solar Tower Receiver Using Internal Fins

Hashem Shatnawi1,2,*, Chin Wai Lim2, Firas Basim Ismail3, Abdulrahman Aldossary1

1 Education Sector in Jubail, Jubail Technical Institute, Jubail Industrial City, 31961, Saudi Arabia
2 Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Kajang, 43000, Selangor, Malaysia
3 Power Generation Unit, Institute of Power Engineering (IPE), Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Kajang, 43000, Selangor, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Hashem Shatnawi. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Interval Arithmetic with Applications to Physical Phenomena)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(2), 1693-1711.


The receiver is an important element in solar energy plants. The principal receiver’s tubes in power plants are devised to work under extremely severe conditions, including excessive heat fluxes. Half of the tube’s circumference is heated whilst the other half is insulated. This study aims to improve the heat transfer process and reinforce the tubes’ structure by designing a new receiver; by including longitudinal fins of triangular, circular and square shapes. The research is conducted experimentally using Reynolds numbers ranging from 28,000 to 78,000. Triangular fins have demonstrated the best improvement for heat transfer. For Reynolds number value near 43,000 Nusselt number (Nu) is higher by 3.5% and 7.5%, sequentially, compared to circular and square tube fins, but varies up to 6.5% near Re = 61000. The lowest friction factor is seen in a triangular fin receiver; where it deviates from circular fins by 4.6%, and square fin tubes by 3.2%. Adding fins makes the temperature decrease gradually, and in the case of no fins, the temperature gradient between the hot tube and water drops sharply in the planed tube by 7%.


Cite This Article

H. Shatnawi, C. Wai Lim, F. Basim Ismail and A. Aldossary, "Experimental study of heat transfer enhancement in solar tower receiver using internal fins," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.2, pp. 1693–1711, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 2292


  • 1348


  • 0


Share Link