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A 3D Measurement Method Based on Coded Image

Jinxing Niu1,*, Yayun Fu1, Qingsheng Hu1, Shaojie Yang1, Tao Zhang1, Sunil Kumar Jha2

1 Institute of Mechanics, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou, 450011, China
2 IT Fundamentals and Education Technologies Applications, University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow, Rzeszow, 100031, Poland

* Corresponding Author: Jinxing Niu. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(2), 1839-1849.


The binocular stereo vision system is often used to reconstruct 3D point clouds of an object. However, it is challenging to find effective matching points in two object images with similar color or less texture. This will lead to mismatching by using the stereo matching algorithm to calculate the disparity map. In this context, the object can’t be reconstructed precisely. As a countermeasure, this study proposes to combine the Gray code fringe projection with the binocular camera as well as to generate denser point clouds by projecting an active light source to increase the texture of the object, which greatly reduces the reconstruction error caused by the lack of texture. Due to the limitation of the camera viewing angle, a one-perspective binocular camera can only reconstruct the 2.5D model of an object. To obtain the 3D model of an object, point clouds obtained from multiple-view images are processed by coarse registration using the coarse SAC-IA algorithm and fine registration using the ICP algorithm, which is followed by voxel filtering fusion of the point cloud. To improve the reconstruction quality, a polarizer is mounted in front of the cameras to filter out the redundant reflected light. Eventually, the 3D model and the dimension of a vase are obtained after calibration.


Cite This Article

J. Niu, Y. Fu, Q. Hu, S. Yang, T. Zhang et al., "A 3d measurement method based on coded image," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.2, pp. 1839–1849, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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