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An Optimized Design of Antenna Arrays for the Smart Antenna Systems

Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,2,*, Murad A. A. Almekhlafi3, Huda G. Iskandar2,4, Adnan Zain5, Saleh Alzahrani6, Mohammed Alamgeer6, Nadhem Nemri6, Sami Dhabi6, Mohammad Medani6, Ali. M. Al-Sharafi2,7

1 Department of Computer Science, King Khalid University, Muhayel Aseer, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Faculty of Computer and IT, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen
3 Department of Electrical Engineering – Communication Engineering, Sana'a University, Yemen
4 School of Computing, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
5 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Aden, Yemen
6 Department of Information Systems, King Khalid University, Muhayel Aseer, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Computer Science, College of Computers and Information Technology, University of Bisha, KSA

* Corresponding Author: Fahd N. Al-Wesabi. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(2), 1979-1994.


In recent years, there has been an increasing demand to improve cellular communication services in several aspects. The aspect that received the most attention is improving the quality of coverage through using smart antennas which consist of array antennas. this paper investigates the main characteristics and design of the three types of array antennas of the base station for better coverage through simulation (MATLAB) which provides field and strength patterns measured in polar and rectangular coordinates for a variety of conditions including broadsides, ordinary End-fire, and increasing directivity End-fire which is typically used in smart antennas. The method of analysis was applied to twenty experiments of process design to each antenna type separately, so sixty results were obtained from the radiation pattern indicating the parameters for each radiation pattern. Moreover, nineteen design experiments were described in this section. It is hoped that the results obtained from this study will help engineers solve coverage problems as well as improve the quality of cellular communication networks.


Cite This Article

F. N. Al-Wesabi, M. A. A. Almekhlafi, H. G. Iskandar, A. Zain, S. Alzahrani et al., "An optimized design of antenna arrays for the smart antenna systems," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.2, pp. 1979–1994, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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