Open Access iconOpen Access



A Novel Cultural Crowd Model Toward Cognitive Artificial Intelligence

Fatmah Abdulrahman Baothman*, Osama Ahmed Abulnaja, Fatima Jafar Muhdher

Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21431, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Fatmah Abdulrahman Baothman. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Intelligent Big Data Management and Machine Learning Techniques for IoT-Enabled Pervasive Computing)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(3), 3337-3363.


Existing literature shows cultural crowd management has unforeseen issues due to four dynamic elements; time, capacity, speed, and culture. Cross-cultural variations are increasing the complexity level because each mass and event have different characteristics and challenges. However, no prior study has employed the six Hofstede Cultural Dimensions (HCD) for predicting crowd behaviors. This study aims to develop the Cultural Crowd-Artificial Neural Network (CC-ANN) learning model that considers crowd’s HCD to predict their physical (distance and speed) and social (collectivity and cohesion) characteristics. The model was developed towards a cognitive intelligent decision support tool where the predicted characteristics affect the estimated regulation plan’s time and capacity. We designed the experiments as four groups to analyze the proposed model’s outcomes and extract the interrelations between the HCD of crowd’s grouped individuals and their physical and social characteristics. Furthermore, the extracted interrelations were verified with the dataset’s statistical correlation analysis with a P-value < 0.05. Results demonstrate that the predicted crowd’s characteristics were positively/negatively affected by their considered cultural features. Similarly, analyzing outcomes identified the most influential HCD for predicting crowd behavior. The results also show that the CC-ANN model improves the prediction and learning performance for the crowd behavior because the achieved accepted level of accuracy does not exceed 10 to 20 epochs in most cases. Moreover, the performance improved by 90%, 93% respectively in some cases. Finally, all prediction best cases were related to one or more cultural features with a low error of 0.048, 0.117, 0.010, and 0.014 mean squared error, indicating a novel cultural learning model.


Cite This Article

F. Abdulrahman Baothman, O. Ahmed Abulnaja and F. Jafar Muhdher, "A novel cultural crowd model toward cognitive artificial intelligence," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.3, pp. 3337–3363, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1613


  • 1071


  • 0


Share Link