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Unprecedented Smart Algorithm for Uninterrupted SDN Services During DDoS Attack

Muhammad Reazul Haque1, Saw Chin Tan1, Zulfadzli Yusoff2,*, Kashif Nisar3,7, Rizaludin Kaspin4, Iram Haider3, Sana Nisar3, J. P. C. Rodrigues5,6, Bhawani Shankar Chowdhry7, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili7, Satya Prasad Majumder8, Danda B. Rawat9, Richard Etengu1, Rajkumar Buyya10

1 Faculty of Computing & Informatics, Multimedia University, Persiaran Multimedia, Cyberjaya, 63100, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, Persiaran Multimedia, Cyberjaya, 63100, Selangor, Malaysia
3 Faculty of Computing and Informatics, University Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, Kota Kinabalu Sabah, 88400, Malaysia
4 Telekom Malaysia Research & Development, TM Innovation Centre, 63000, Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia
5 Federal University of Piauí (UFPI), Teresina, PI, Brazil
6 Instituto de Telecomunicações, 6201-001, Covilhã, Portugal
7 National Center of Robotics and Automation-Condition Monitoring Systems Lab, MUET, Jamshoro, Pakistan
8 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, BUET, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
9 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Data Science and Cybersecurity Center, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA
10 Cloud Computing and Distributed Systems (CLOUDS) Laboratory, School of Computing and Information Systems, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3053, Australia

* Corresponding Author: Zulfadzli Yusoff. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(1), 875-894.


In the design and planning of next-generation Internet of Things (IoT), telecommunication, and satellite communication systems, controller placement is crucial in software-defined networking (SDN). The programmability of the SDN controller is sophisticated for the centralized control system of the entire network. Nevertheless, it creates a significant loophole for the manifestation of a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack straightforwardly. Furthermore, recently a Distributed Reflected Denial of Service (DRDoS) attack, an unusual DDoS attack, has been detected. However, minimal deliberation has given to this forthcoming single point of SDN infrastructure failure problem. Moreover, recently the high frequencies of DDoS attacks have increased dramatically. In this paper, a smart algorithm for planning SDN smart backup controllers under DDoS attack scenarios has proposed. Our proposed smart algorithm can recommend single or multiple smart backup controllers in the event of DDoS occurrence. The obtained simulated results demonstrate that the validation of the proposed algorithm and the performance analysis achieved 99.99% accuracy in placing the smart backup controller under DDoS attacks within 0.125 to 46508.7 s in SDN.


Cite This Article

M. Reazul Haque, S. Chin Tan, Z. Yusoff, K. Nisar, R. Kaspin et al., "Unprecedented smart algorithm for uninterrupted sdn services during ddos attack," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 70, no.1, pp. 875–894, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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