Open Access iconOpen Access



A Robust MPPT Control Based on Double Ended Forward Converter Architecture

M. Usman Khan1,*, K. M. Hasan1, A. Faisal Murtaza2, H. M. Usman2, Hadeed A. Sher3

1 University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
2 University of Central Punjab, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
3 Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Swabi, 23430, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: M. Usman Khan. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(1), 135-150.


In this paper, a stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) system based on a Double Ended Forward Converter (DEFC) is presented. The proposed converter is specified for 48 V, 100 W applications as most of the equipment used in telecommunication and aircraft fall in this range. The literature has limited potential application of DEFC in PV systems. The research work deals with an in-depth study of DEFC and proposes an improved DEFC for PV applications with battery backup. Besides, a bi-directional dc-dc converter for the battery is integrated to track the Maximum Power Point (MPP) of the PV generator. The converter is examined under variable irradiance and load conditions, and the analytical analysis of boundary conditions are implemented. The converter’s architecture also ensures built-in I-V curve tracing for the identification of MPP of PV generator. It offers low voltage stresses across switches and avoids sinking power supply and core resetting circuits. The topology’s behavior is analyzed based on MPP achievement and maintaining output under different conditions of battery backup availability, environmental, and load conditions. The PV system architecture is designed and analyzed theoretically and verified with simulations on the PSIM software.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Khan, M.U., Hasan, K.M., Murtaza, A.F., Usman, H.M., Sher, H.A. (2022). A robust MPPT control based on double ended forward converter architecture. Computers, Materials & Continua, 70(1), 135-150.
Vancouver Style
Khan MU, Hasan KM, Murtaza AF, Usman HM, Sher HA. A robust MPPT control based on double ended forward converter architecture. Comput Mater Contin. 2022;70(1):135-150
IEEE Style
M.U. Khan, K.M. Hasan, A.F. Murtaza, H.M. Usman, and H.A. Sher "A Robust MPPT Control Based on Double Ended Forward Converter Architecture," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 135-150. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 2144


  • 1307


  • 0


Share Link