Vol.68, No.1, 2021, pp.1321-1339, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.016738
Toward Optimal Cost-Energy Management Green Framework for Sustainable Future Wireless Networks
  • Mohammed H. Alsharif1, Abu Jahid2, Mahmoud A. Albreem3, Peerapong Uthansakul4,*, Jamel Nebhen5, Khalid Yahya6
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul, 05006, Korea
2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5, ON, Canada
3 Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering, A’Sharqiyah University, Ibra, 400, Oman
4 School of Telecommunication Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
5 College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, 11942, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Mechatronics, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, 34310, Turkey
* Corresponding Author: Peerapong Uthansakul. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced 5G Communication System for Transforming Health Care)
Received 07 January 2021; Accepted 10 February 2021; Issue published 22 March 2021
The design of green cellular networking according to the traffic arrivals has the capability to reduce the overall energy consumption to a cluster in a cost-effective way. The cell zooming approach has appealed much attention that adaptively offloads the BS load demands adjusting the transmit power based on the traffic intensity and green energy availability. Besides, the researchers are focused on implementing renewable energy resources, which are considered the most attractive practices in designing energy-efficient wireless networks over the long term in a cost-efficient way in the existing infrastructure. The utilization of available solar can be adapted to acquire cost-effective and reliable power supply to the BSs, especially that sunlight is free, available everywhere, and a good alternative energy option for the remote areas. Nevertheless, planning a photovoltaic scheme necessitates viability assessment to avoid poor power supply, particularly for BSs. Therefore, cellular operators need to consider both technical and economic factors before the implementation of solar-powered BSs. This paper proposed the user-centric cell zooming policy of solar-powered cellular base stations taking into account the optimal technical criteria obtained by the HOMER software tool. The results have shown that the proposed system can provide operational expenditure (OPEX) savings of up to 47%. In addition, the efficient allocation of resource blocks (RBs) under the cell zooming technique attain remarkable energy-saving performance yielding up to 27%.
Wireless networks; beyond 5G; green communications sustainability; OPEX; communication systems
Cite This Article
M. H. Alsharif, A. Jahid, M. A. Albreem, P. Uthansakul, J. Nebhen et al., "Toward optimal cost-energy management green framework for sustainable future wireless networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.1, pp. 1321–1339, 2021.
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