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  • Open Access


    Cooperative NOMA Based on OAM Transmission for Beyond 5G Applications

    Mohammad Alkhawatrah*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1187-1197, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.030699

    Abstract Cooperative non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is heavily studied in the literature as a solution for 5G and beyond 5G applications. Cooperative NOMA transmits a superimposed version of all users’ messages simultaneously with the aid of a relay, after that, each user decodes its own message. Accordingly, NOMA is deemed as a spectral efficient technique. Another emerging technique exploits orbital angular momentum (OAM), where OAM is an attractive character of electromagnetic waves. OAM gathered a great deal of attention in recent years (similar to the case with NOMA) due to its ability to enhance electromagnetic spectrum exploitation, hence increasing the achieved… More >

  • Open Access


    A Sparse Optimization Approach for Beyond 5G mmWave Massive MIMO Networks

    Waleed Shahjehan1, Abid Ullah1, Syed Waqar Shah1, Imran Khan1, Nor Samsiah Sani2, Ki-Il Kim3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 2797-2810, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.026185

    Abstract Millimeter-Wave (mmWave) Massive MIMO is one of the most effective technology for the fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks. It improves both the spectral and energy efficiency by utilizing the 30–300 GHz millimeter-wave bandwidth and a large number of antennas at the base station. However, increasing the number of antennas requires a large number of radio frequency (RF) chains which results in high power consumption. In order to reduce the RF chain's energy, cost and provide desirable quality-of-service (QoS) to the subscribers, this paper proposes an energy-efficient hybrid precoding algorithm for mmWave massive MIMO networks based on the idea of RF chains… More >

  • Open Access


    Milestones of Wireless Communication Networks and Technology Prospect of Next Generation (6G)

    Mohammed H. Alsharif1, Md. Sanwar Hossain2, Abu Jahid3, Muhammad Asghar Khan4, Bong Jun Choi5,*, Samih M. Mostafa6,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4803-4818, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023500

    Abstract Since around 1980, a new generation of wireless technology has arisen approximately every 10 years. First-generation (1G) and second-generation (2G) began with voice and eventually introduced more and more data in third-generation (3G) and became highly popular in the fourth-generation (4G). To increase the data rate along with low latency and mass connectivity the fifth-generation (5G) networks are being installed from 2020. However, the 5G technology will not be able to fulfill the data demand at the end of this decade. Therefore, it is expected that 6G communication networks will rise, providing better services through the implementation of new enabling… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning-Based Decoding and AP Selection for Radio Stripe Network

    Aman Kumar Mishra, Vijayakumar Ponnusamy*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 131-148, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.021017


    Cell-Free massive MIMO (mMIMO) offers promising features such as higher spectral efficiency, higher energy efficiency and superior spatial diversity, which makes it suitable to be adopted in beyond 5G (B5G) networks. However, the original form of Cell-Free massive MIMO requires each AP to be connected to CPU via front haul (front-haul constraints) resulting in huge economic costs and network synchronization issues. Radio Stripe architecture of cell-free mMIMO is one such architecture of cell-free mMIMO which is suitable for practical deployment. In this paper, we propose DNN Based Parallel Decoding in Radio Stripe (DNNBPDRS) to decode the symbols of User Equipments… More >

  • Open Access


    Toward Optimal Cost-Energy Management Green Framework for Sustainable Future Wireless Networks

    Mohammed H. Alsharif1, Abu Jahid2, Mahmoud A. Albreem3, Peerapong Uthansakul4,*, Jamel Nebhen5, Khalid Yahya6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 1321-1339, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016738

    Abstract The design of green cellular networking according to the traffic arrivals has the capability to reduce the overall energy consumption to a cluster in a cost-effective way. The cell zooming approach has appealed much attention that adaptively offloads the BS load demands adjusting the transmit power based on the traffic intensity and green energy availability. Besides, the researchers are focused on implementing renewable energy resources, which are considered the most attractive practices in designing energy-efficient wireless networks over the long term in a cost-efficient way in the existing infrastructure. The utilization of available solar can be adapted to acquire cost-effective… More >

  • Open Access


    Toward 6G Communication Networks: Terahertz Frequency Challenges and Open Research Issues

    Mohammed H. Alsharif1, Mahmoud A. M. Albreem2, Ahmad A. A. Solyman3, Sunghwan Kim4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2831-2842, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.013176

    Abstract Future networks communication scenarios by the 2030s will include notable applications are three-dimensional (3D) calls, haptics communications, unmanned mobility, tele-operated driving, bio-internet of things, and the Nano-internet of things. Unlike the current scenario in which megahertz bandwidth are sufficient to drive the audio and video components of user applications, the future networks of the 2030s will require bandwidths in several gigahertzes (GHz) (from tens of gigahertz to 1 terahertz [THz]) to perform optimally. Based on the current radio frequency allocation chart, it is not possible to obtain such a wide contiguous radio spectrum below 90 GHz (0.09 THz). Interestingly, these… More >

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