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Cooperative NOMA Based on OAM Transmission for Beyond 5G Applications

Mohammad Alkhawatrah*

Electronics and Communications Engineering Department, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan

* Corresponding Author: Mohammad Alkhawatrah. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 45(2), 1187-1197. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2023.030699

Abstract

Cooperative non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is heavily studied in the literature as a solution for 5G and beyond 5G applications. Cooperative NOMA transmits a superimposed version of all users’ messages simultaneously with the aid of a relay, after that, each user decodes its own message. Accordingly, NOMA is deemed as a spectral efficient technique. Another emerging technique exploits orbital angular momentum (OAM), where OAM is an attractive character of electromagnetic waves. OAM gathered a great deal of attention in recent years (similar to the case with NOMA) due to its ability to enhance electromagnetic spectrum exploitation, hence increasing the achieved transmission throughput. However, OAM-based transmission suffers from wave divergence, especially at high OAM orders. This OAM limitation reduces the transmission distance. The distance can be extended via cooperative relays (part of cooperative NOMA). Relay helps the source to transmit packets to the destination by providing an additional connection to handle the transmission and provide a shorter distance between source and destination. In this paper, we propose employing OAM transmission in the cooperative NOMA network. Simulation experiments show that OAM transmission helps cooperative NOMA in achieving higher throughput compared to the conventional cooperative NOMA. Concurrently, the cooperation part of cooperative NOMA eases the divergence problem of OAM. In addition, the proposed system outperforms the standalone cooperative OAM-based solution.

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Cite This Article

M. Alkhawatrah, "Cooperative noma based on oam transmission for beyond 5g applications," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 45, no.2, pp. 1187–1197, 2023.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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