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Spark Spectrum Allocation for D2D Communication in Cellular Networks

Tanveer Ahmad1, Imran Khan2, Azeem Irshad3, Shafiq Ahmad4, Ahmed T. Soliman4, Akber Abid Gardezi5, Muhammad Shafiq6,*, Jin-Ghoo Choi6

1 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, 1010, New Zealand
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25120, Pakistan
3 Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, International Islamic University Islamabad, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
4 Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh, 11421, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan
6 Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 38541, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Shafiq. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(3), 6381-6394.


The device-to-device (D2D) technology performs explicit communication between the terminal and the base station (BS) terminal, so there is no need to transmit data through the BS system. The establishment of a short-distance D2D communication link can greatly reduce the burden on the BS server. At present, D2D is one of the key technologies in 5G technology and has been studied in depth. D2D communication reuses the resources of cellular users to improve system key parameters like utilization and throughput. However, repeated use of the spectrum and coexistence of cellular users can cause co-channel interference. Aiming at the interference problem under the constraint of fair resource allocation and improving the system throughput, this paper proposes an effective resource optimization scheme based on the firework method. The main idea is to expand the weighted sum rate and convert the allocated resource expression into fireworks to determine the correlation matrix. The simulation results show that, compared with the existing scheme, this scheme improves system performance by reducing interference.


Cite This Article

T. Ahmad, I. Khan, A. Irshad, S. Ahmad, A. T. Soliman et al., "Spark spectrum allocation for d2d communication in cellular networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 70, no.3, pp. 6381–6394, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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