Open Access


Metamaterial-Based Compact Antenna with Defected Ground Structure for 5G and Beyond

Md. Mushfiqur Rahman1,*, Md. Shabiul Islam1, Mohammad Tariqul Islam2, Samir Salem Al-Bawri3, Wong Hin Yong1
1 Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, Persiaran Multimedia, Cyberjaya, 63100, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Malaysia
3 Space Science Centre, Climate Change Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, 43600, Malaysia
* Corresponding Author: Md. Mushfiqur Rahman. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in 5G Antenna Designs and Systems)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(2), 2383-2399.

Received 29 July 2021; Accepted 13 September 2021; Issue published 07 December 2021


In this paper, a unit cell of a single-negative metamaterial structure loaded with a meander line and defected ground structure (DGS) is investigated as the principle radiating element of an antenna. The unit cell antenna causes even or odd mode resonances similar to the unit cell structure depending on the orientation of the microstrip feed used to excite the unit cell. However, the orientation which gives low-frequency resonance is considered here. The unit cell antenna is then loaded with a meander line which is parallel to the split bearing side and connects the other two sides orthogonal to the split bearing side. This modified structure excites another mode of resonance at high frequency when a meander line defect is loaded on the metallic ground plane. Specific parameters of the meander line structure, the DGS shape, and the unit cell are optimized to place these two resonances at different frequencies with proper frequency intervals to enhance the bandwidth. Finally, the feed is placed in an offset position for better impedance matching without affecting the bandwidth The compact dimension of the antenna is 0.25 λL × 0.23 λL × 0.02 λL, where λL is the free space wavelength with respect to the center frequency of the impedance bandwidth. The proposed antenna is fabricated and measured. Experimental results reveal that the modified design gives monopole like radiation patterns which achieves a fractional operating bandwidth of 26.6%, from 3.26 to 4.26 GHz for |S11|<−10 dB and a pick gain of 1.26 dBi is realized. In addition, the simulated and measured cross-polarization levels are both less than −15 dB in the horizontal plane.


Split ring resonator (SRR); meander line; defected ground structure; compact antenna; bandwidth enhancement; 5G technology

Cite This Article

M. Mushfiqur Rahman, M. Shabiul Islam, M. Tariqul Islam, S. Salem Al-Bawri and W. Hin Yong, "Metamaterial-based compact antenna with defected ground structure for 5g and beyond," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.2, pp. 2383–2399, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 903


  • 702


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan