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Indoor Electromagnetic Radiation Intensity Relationship to Total Energy of Household Appliances

Murad A.A. Almekhlafi1, Lamia Osman Widaa2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,*, Mohammad Alamgeer4, Anwer Mustafa Hilal5, Manar Ahmed Hamza5, Abu Sarwar Zamani5, Mohammed Rizwanullah5

1 Department of Electrical Engineering–Communication Engineering, Sana’a University, Yemen
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Computer Science, King Khalid University, Muhayel Aseer, Saudi Arabia & Faculty of Computer and IT, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Yemen
4 Department of Information Systems, King Khalid University, Mayahel Aseer, KSA
5 Department of Computer and Self Development, Preparatory Year Deanship, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Fahd N. Al-Wesabi. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(3), 5421-5435.


The rapid technological developments in the modern era have led to increased electrical equipment in our daily lives, work, and homes. From this standpoint, the main objective of this study is to evaluate the potential relationship between the intensity of electromagnetic radiation and the total energy of household appliances in the living environment within the building by measuring and analyzing the strength of the electric field and the entire electromagnetic radiation flux density of electrical devices operating at frequencies (5 Hz to 1 kHz). The living room was chosen as a center for measurement at 15 homes in three different environmental regions (urban, suburbs, and open areas). The three measurement methods are (Mode 1: people in a sitting position with electrical appliances on. Mode 2: People in a standing position with electrical appliances on. Mode 3: People are in the upright position while turning off the electrical devices) in the living room. These measurement methods and their results reinforce the importance of this research. The results showed that the average electric field strength measured in Mode 2 is much greater than the two methods, and we also found less electromagnetic radiation in Mode 3 than in the two modes. All results remain within the recommended overall exposure developed by the International Committee for the Prevention of Non-Ionizing Radiation and the International Electrotechnical Commission.


Cite This Article

M. A.A. Almekhlafi, L. Osman Widaa, F. N. Al-Wesabi, M. Alamgeer, A. Mustafa Hilal et al., "Indoor electromagnetic radiation intensity relationship to total energy of household appliances," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 70, no.3, pp. 5421–5435, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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