Vol.71, No.1, 2022, pp.517-535, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.021421
Pseudo NLP Joint Spam Classification Technique for Big Data Cluster
  • WooHyun Park1, Nawab Muhammad Faseeh Qureshi2,*, Dong Ryeol Shin1
1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 16419, Korea
2 Department of Computer Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, 03063, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Nawab Muhammad Faseeh Qureshi. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Big Data Security Using Artificial Intelligence-based Approaches)
Received 02 July 2021; Accepted 12 August 2021; Issue published 03 November 2021
Spam mail classification considered complex and error-prone task in the distributed computing environment. There are various available spam mail classification approaches such as the naive Bayesian classifier, logistic regression and support vector machine and decision tree, recursive neural network, and long short-term memory algorithms. However, they do not consider the document when analyzing spam mail content. These approaches use the bag-of-words method, which analyzes a large amount of text data and classifies features with the help of term frequency-inverse document frequency. Because there are many words in a document, these approaches consume a massive amount of resources and become infeasible when performing classification on multiple associated mail documents together. Thus, spam mail is not classified fully, and these approaches remain with loopholes. Thus, we propose a term frequency topic inverse document frequency model that considers the meaning of text data in a larger semantic unit by applying weights based on the document’s topic. Moreover, the proposed approach reduces the scarcity problem through a frequency topic-inverse document frequency in singular value decomposition model. Our proposed approach also reduces the dimensionality, which ultimately increases the strength of document classification. Experimental evaluations show that the proposed approach classifies spam mail documents with higher accuracy using individual document-independent processing computation. Comparative evaluations show that the proposed approach performs better than the logistic regression model in the distributed computing environment, with higher document word frequencies of 97.05%, 99.17% and 96.59%.
NLP; big data; machine learning; TFT-IDF; spam mail
Cite This Article
Park, W., Muhammad, N., Shin, D. R. (2022). Pseudo NLP Joint Spam Classification Technique for Big Data Cluster. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 71(1), 517–535.
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