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OBSO Based Fractional PID for MPPT-Pitch Control of Wind Turbine Systems

Ibrahim M. Mehedi1,2,*, Ubaid M. Al-Saggaf1,2, Mahendiran T. Vellingiri1, Ahmad H. Milyani1, Nordin Bin Saad3, Nor Zaihar Bin Yahaya3
1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
2 Center of Excellence in Intelligent Engineering Systems (CEIES), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
* Corresponding Author: Ibrahim M. Mehedi. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Metaheuristic Techniques and Their Real-World Applications)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(2), 4001-4017. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.021981

Received 23 July 2021; Accepted 01 September 2021; Issue published 07 December 2021

Abstract

In recent times, wind energy receives maximum attention and has become a significant green energy source globally. The wind turbine (WT) entered into several domains such as power electronics that are employed to assist the connection process of a wind energy system and grid. The turbulent characteristics of wind profile along with uncertainty in the design of WT make it highly challenging for prolific power extraction. The pitch control angle is employed to effectively operate the WT at the above nominal wind speed. Besides, the pitch controller needs to be intelligent for the extraction of sustainable secure energy and keep WTs in a safe operating region. To achieve this, proportional–integral–derivative (PID) controllers are widely used and the choice of optimal parameters in the PID controllers needs to be properly selected. With this motivation, this paper designs an oppositional brain storm optimization (OBSO) based fractional order PID (FOPID) design for sustainable and secure energy in WT systems. The proposed model aims to effectually extract the maximum power point (MPPT) in the low range of weather conditions and save the WT in high wind regions by the use of pitch control. The OBSO algorithm is derived from the integration of oppositional based learning (OBL) concept with the traditional BSO algorithm in order to improve the convergence rate, which is then applied to effectively choose the parameters involved in the FOPID controller. The performance of the presented model is validated on the pitch control of a 5 MW WT and the results are examined under different dimensions. The simulation outcomes ensured the promising characteristics of the proposed model over the other methods.

Keywords

Wind turbine; wind energy; pitch control; brain storm optimization; PID controller; maximum power point

Cite This Article

I. M. Mehedi, U. M. Al-Saggaf, M. T. Vellingiri, A. H. Milyani, N. Bin Saad et al., "Obso based fractional pid for mppt-pitch control of wind turbine systems," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.2, pp. 4001–4017, 2022.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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