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Image Dehazing Based on Pixel Guided CNN with PAM via Graph Cut

Fayadh Alenezi*
Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Fayadh Alenezi. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Analysis, Processing, and Applications of Fuzzy System and Deep Learning)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(2), 3425-3443. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.023339

Received 04 September 2021; Accepted 20 October 2021; Issue published 07 December 2021

Abstract

Image dehazing is still an open research topic that has been undergoing a lot of development, especially with the renewed interest in machine learning-based methods. A major challenge of the existing dehazing methods is the estimation of transmittance, which is the key element of haze-affected imaging models. Conventional methods are based on a set of assumptions that reduce the solution search space. However, the multiplication of these assumptions tends to restrict the solutions to particular cases that cannot account for the reality of the observed image. In this paper we reduce the number of simplified hypotheses in order to attain a more plausible and realistic solution by exploiting a priori knowledge of the ground truth in the proposed method. The proposed method relies on pixel information between the ground truth and haze image to reduce these assumptions. This is achieved by using ground truth and haze image to find the geometric-pixel information through a guided Convolution Neural Networks (CNNs) with a Parallax Attention Mechanism (PAM). It uses the differential pixel-based variance in order to estimate transmittance. The pixel variance uses local and global patches between the assumed ground truth and haze image to refine the transmission map. The transmission map is also improved based on improved Markov random field (MRF) energy functions. We used different images to test the proposed algorithm. The entropy value of the proposed method was 7.43 and 7.39, a percent increase of and , respectively, compared to the best existing results. The increment is similar in other performance quality metrics and this validate its superiority compared to other existing methods in terms of key image quality evaluation metrics. The proposed approach's drawback, an over-reliance on real ground truth images, is also investigated. The proposed method show more details hence yields better images than those from the existing state-of-the-art-methods.

Keywords

Pixel information; human visual perception; convolution neural network; graph cut; parallax attention mechanism

Cite This Article

F. Alenezi and . , "Image dehazing based on pixel guided cnn with pam via graph cut," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.2, pp. 3425–3443, 2022.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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