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Location Prediction for Improved Human Safety at Complex Environments

S. G. Siddharth1,*, G. M. Tamilselvan2, C. Venkatesh3

1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Angel College of Engineering and Technology, Tirupur, Tamilnadu, India
2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Krishna College Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
3 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, KGISL Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

* Corresponding Author: S. G. Siddharth. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(3), 5219-5234.


In underground operation, primary consideration is safety. In recent decades, for minimizing accident and for preventing major economic losses and casualties, wireless sensors are used by various large mineral countries through early warning. The Improved DV-Hop Localization Algorithm (IDVHLA) is used in existing works for doing this. However, accurate anchor node detection is impossible in existing works with the malicious nodes presence, where there won't be any accurate sharing of anchor node's location information. In case of emergency situation, faster communication is a highly complex one. A technique called Modified Distance Vector Hop based Multipath Routing Protocol (MDVHMRP) is introduced in this proposed research work for resolving this. In this work, to detect anchor node position, a Modified Distance Vector Hop technique is introduced. This research work considers time taken and session time for computing neighbour node's presence in addition to hop count values. Malicious nodes presence can be avoided by considering session time in neighbour node presence detection. The alert message are send by people in emergency crisis to sever in initial condition. Then Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) routing protocol is used for doing immediate route path selection. In case of route path failure, for ensuring uninterrupted communication and faster communication, this work introduces a multi path routing. The modified distance vector hop technique is used for predicting anchor node location information and predicted information will be transmitted. In NS2 simulation environment, overall evaluation of this research work is carried out. When compared with available techniques, localization accuracy is enhanced by proposed technique as proven in experimental results.


Cite This Article

S. G. Siddharth, G. M. Tamilselvan and C. Venkatesh, "Location prediction for improved human safety at complex environments," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.3, pp. 5219–5234, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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