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Double-E-Triple-H-Shaped NRI-Metamaterial for Dual-Band Microwave Sensing Applications

Shafayat Hossain1, Md. Iquebal Hossain Patwary1, Sikder Sunbeam Islam1, Sultan Mahmud1,2, Norbahiah Binti Misran2, Ali F. Almutairi3, Mohammad Tariqul Islam2,*

1 Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, International Islamic University Chittagong, 4318, Chittagong, Bangladesh
2 Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, 43600, Malaysia
3 Electrical Engineering Department, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, 13060, Kuwait

* Corresponding Author: Mohammad Tariqul Islam. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(3), 5817-5836.


This paper presents a new Double-E-Triple-H-Shaped NRI (negative refractive index) metamaterial (MM) for dual-band microwave sensing applications. Here, a horizontal H-shaped metal structure is enclosed by two face-to-face E-shaped metal structures. This double-E-H-shaped design is also encased by two vertical H-shaped structures along with some copper links. Thus, the Double-E-Triple-H-Shaped configuration is developed. Two popular substrate materials of Rogers RO 3010 and FR-4 were adopted for analyzing the characteristics of the unit cell. The proposed structure exhibits transmission resonance inside the S-band with NRI and ENG (Epsilon Negative) metamaterial properties, and inside the C-band with ENG and MNG (Mu Negative) metamaterial properties. A good effective medium ratio (EMR) of 8.06 indicates the compactness and effectiveness of the proposed design. Further analysis has been done by changing the thickness of the substrate material as well and a significant change in the effective medium ratio is found. The validity of the proposed structure is confirmed by an equivalent circuit model. The simulated result agrees well with the calculated result. For exploring microwave sensing applications of the proposed unit cell, permittivity and pressure sensitivity performance were investigated in different simulation arrangements. The compact size, effective parameters, high sensitivity and a good EMR represent the proposed metamaterial as a promising solution for S-band and C-band microwave sensing applications.


Cite This Article

S. Hossain, M. Iquebal Hossain Patwary, S. Sunbeam Islam, S. Mahmud, N. Binti Misran et al., "Double-e-triple-h-shaped nri-metamaterial for dual-band microwave sensing applications," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.3, pp. 5817–5836, 2022.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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