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Data Hiding in AMBTC Images Using Selective XOR Hiding Scheme

Yung-Yao Chen1,*, Yu-Chen Hu2, Ting-Kai Yang3, You-An Wang3

1 Department Electronic and Computer Engineering, National Taiwan U. Science and Technology, Taipei, 106, Taiwan
2 Department Computer Science and Information Management, Providence University, Taichung, 433, Taiwan
3 Grad. Inst. Automation Technology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, 106, Taiwan

* Corresponding Author: Yung-Yao Chen. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: AI-Aided Innovative Cryptographic Techniques for Futuristic Secure Computing Systems)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(3), 5167-5182.


Nowadays since the Internet is ubiquitous, the frequency of data transfer through the public network is increasing. Hiding secure data in these transmitted data has emerged broad security issue, such as authentication and copyright protection. On the other hand, considering the transmission efficiency issue, image transmission usually involves image compression in Internet-based applications. To address both issues, this paper presents a data hiding scheme for the image compression method called absolute moment block truncation coding (AMBTC). First, an image is divided into non-overlapping blocks through AMBTC compression, the blocks are classified four types, namely smooth, semi-smooth, semi-complex, and complex. The secret data are embedded into the smooth blocks by using a simple replacement strategy. The proposed method respectively embeds nine bits (and five bits) of secret data into the bitmap of the semi-smooth blocks (and semi-complex blocks) through the exclusive-or (XOR) operation. The secret data are embedded into the complex blocks by using a hidden function. After the embedding phase, the direct binary search (DBS) method is performed to improve the image quality without damaging the secret data. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method yields higher quality and hiding capacity than other reference methods.


Cite This Article

Y. Chen, Y. Hu, T. Yang and Y. Wang, "Data hiding in ambtc images using selective xor hiding scheme," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.3, pp. 5167–5182, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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