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Triple-Band Metamaterial Inspired Antenna for Future Terahertz (THz) Applications

Adel Y. I. Ashyap1, S. Alamri2, S. H. Dahlan1,*, Z. Z. Abidin3, M. Inam Abbasi4, Huda A. Majid2, M. R. Kamarudin1, Y. A. Al-Gumaei5, M. Hashim Dahri6

1 Center for Applied Electromagnetic (EMCenter), Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Batu Pahat, 86400, Johor, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Engineering Electrical Engineering Dep., Al Baha University, Alaqiq, 65799, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia
3 Advanced Telecommunication Research Center (ATRC), Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Batu Pahat, 86400, Johor, Malaysia
4 Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tua Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
5 Department of Mathematics, Physics, and Electrical Engineering, Northumbria University, NE1 8ST Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
6 Department of Electronic Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, 74800, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: S. H. Dahlan. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in 5G Antenna Designs and Systems)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 72(1), 1071-1087.


For future healthcare in the terahertz (THz) band, a triple-band microstrip planar antenna integrated with metamaterial (MTM) based on a polyimide substrate is presented. The frequencies of operation are 500, 600, and 880 GHz. The triple-band capability is accomplished by etching metamaterial on the patch without affecting the overall antenna size. Instead of a partial ground plane, a full ground plane is used as a buffer to shield the body from back radiation emitted by the antenna. The overall dimension of the proposed antenna is 484 × 484 μm2. The antenna's performance is investigated based on different crucial factors, and excellent results are demonstrated. The gain for the frequencies 500, 600, 880 GHz is 6.41, 6.77, 10.1 dB, respectively while the efficiency for the same frequencies is 90%, 95%, 96%, respectively. Further research has been conducted by mounting the presented antenna on a single phantom layer with varying dielectric constants. The results show that the design works equally well with and without the phantom model, in contrast to a partially ground antenna, whose performance is influenced by the presence of the phantom model. As a result, the presented antenna could be helpful for future healthcare applications in the THz band.


Cite This Article

A. Y. I. Ashyap, S. Alamri, S. H. Dahlan, Z. Z. Abidin, M. Inam Abbasi et al., "Triple-band metamaterial inspired antenna for future terahertz (thz) applications," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 72, no.1, pp. 1071–1087, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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