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A Unified Decision-Making Technique for Analysing Treatments in Pandemic Context

Fawaz Alsolami1, Abdullah Saad Al-Malaise Alghamdi2, Asif Irshad Khan1,*, Yoosef B. Abushark1, Abdulmohsen Almalawi1, Farrukh Saleem2, Alka Agrawal3, Rajeev Kumar4, Raees Ahmad Khan3

1 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Information Systems, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Information Technology, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, 226025, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, 226028, India

* Corresponding Author: Asif Irshad Khan. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(2), 2591-2618.


The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a global humanitarian disaster that has never been seen before. Medical experts, on the other hand, are undecided on the most valuable treatments of therapy because people ill with this infection exhibit a wide range of illness indications at different phases of infection. Further, this project aims to undertake an experimental investigation to determine which treatments for COVID-19 disease is the most effective and preferable. The research analysis is based on vast data gathered from professionals and research journals, making this study a comprehensive reference. To solve this challenging task, the researchers used the HF AHP-TOPSIS Methodology, which is a well-known and highly effective Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) technique. The technique assesses the many treatment options identified through various research papers and guidelines proposed by various countries, based on the recommendations of medical practitioners and professionals. The review process begins with a ranking of different treatments based on their effectiveness using the HF-AHP approach and then evaluates the results in five different hospitals chosen by the authors as alternatives. We also perform robustness analysis to validate the conclusions of our analysis. As a result, we obtained highly corroborative results that can be used as a reference. The results suggest that convalescent plasma has the greatest rank and priority in terms of effectiveness and demand, implying that convalescent plasma is the most effective treatment for SARS-CoV-2 in our opinion. Peepli also has the lowest priority in the estimation.


Cite This Article

F. Alsolami, A. Saad Al-Malaise Alghamdi, A. Irshad Khan, Y. B. Abushark, A. Almalawi et al., "A unified decision-making technique for analysing treatments in pandemic context," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.2, pp. 2591–2618, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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