Vol.73, No.2, 2022, pp.3529-3544, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.028981
Natural Language Processing with Optimal Deep Learning Based Fake News Classification
  • Sara A. Althubiti1, Fayadh Alenezi2, Romany F. Mansour3,*
1 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jouf University, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, New Valley University, El-Kharga, 72511, Egypt
* Corresponding Author: Romany F. Mansour. Email:
Received 22 February 2022; Accepted 06 May 2022; Issue published 16 June 2022
The recent advancements made in World Wide Web and social networking have eased the spread of fake news among people at a faster rate. At most of the times, the intention of fake news is to misinform the people and make manipulated societal insights. The spread of low-quality news in social networking sites has a negative influence upon people as well as the society. In order to overcome the ever-increasing dissemination of fake news, automated detection models are developed using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) methods. The latest advancements in Deep Learning (DL) models and complex Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks make the former, a significant solution to achieve Fake News Detection (FND). In this background, the current study focuses on design and development of Natural Language Processing with Sea Turtle Foraging Optimization-based Deep Learning Technique for Fake News Detection and Classification (STODL-FNDC) model. The aim of the proposed STODL-FNDC model is to discriminate fake news from legitimate news in an effectual manner. In the proposed STODL-FNDC model, the input data primarily undergoes pre-processing and Glove-based word embedding. Besides, STODL-FNDC model employs Deep Belief Network (DBN) approach for detection as well as classification of fake news. Finally, STO algorithm is utilized after adjusting the hyperparameters involved in DBN model, in an optimal manner. The novelty of the study lies in the design of STO algorithm with DBN model for FND. In order to improve the detection performance of STODL-FNDC technique, a series of simulations was carried out on benchmark datasets. The experimental outcomes established the better performance of STODL-FNDC approach over other methods with a maximum accuracy of 95.50%.
Natural language processing; text mining; fake news detection; deep belief network; machine learning; evolutionary algorithm
Cite This Article
S. A. Althubiti, F. Alenezi and R. F. Mansour, "Natural language processing with optimal deep learning based fake news classification," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.2, pp. 3529–3544, 2022.
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