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Impairments Approximations in Assembled mmWave and Radio Over Fiber Network

Muhammad Irfan1, Farman Ali2, Fazal Muhammad3,*, Saifur Rahman1, Ammar Armghan4, Yousaf Khan5, Faisal Althobiani6, Rehan Shafiq7, Mohammed Alshareef8, Mohammad E. Gommosani9

1 Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Qurtuba University of Science and IT, Dera Ismail Khan, 29050, Pakistan
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering Technology, Mardan, 23200, Pakistan
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
5 Faulty of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
6 Faculty of Maritime Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Electrical Engineering, Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, 25220,  Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan
8 Ports & Maritime Transportation Faculty of Maritime Studies King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
9 Nautical Science Department, Faculty of Maritime Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Fazal Muhammad. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(3), 4885-4895.


The fiber nonlinearity and phase noise (PN) are the focused impairments in the optical communication system, induced by high-capacity transmission and high laser input power. The channels include high-capacity transmissions that cannot be achieved at the end side without aliasing because of fiber nonlinearity and PN impairments. Thus, addressing of these distortions is the basic objective for the 5G mobile network. In this paper, the fiber nonlinearity and PN are investigated using the assembled methodology of millimeter-wave and radio over fiber (mmWave-RoF). The analytical model is designed in terms of outage probability for the proposed mmWave-RoF system. The performance of mmWave-RoF against fiber nonlinearity and PN is studied for input power, output power and length using peak to average power ratio (PAPR) and bit error rate (BER) measuring parameters. The simulation outcomes present that the impacts of fiber nonlinearity and PN can be balanced for a huge capacity mmWave-RoF model applying input power carefully.


Cite This Article

M. Irfan, F. Ali, F. Muhammad, S. Rahman, A. Armghan et al., "Impairments approximations in assembled mmwave and radio over fiber network," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.3, pp. 4885–4895, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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