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Active Authentication Protocol for IoV Environment with Distributed Servers

Saravanan Manikandan1, Mosiur Rahaman1, Yu-Lin Song1,2,*

1 Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan
2 Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan

* Corresponding Author: Yu-Lin Song. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(3), 5789-5808.


The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has evolved as an advancement over the conventional Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) in pursuing a more optimal intelligent transportation system that can provide various intelligent solutions and enable a variety of applications for vehicular traffic. Massive volumes of data are produced and communicated wirelessly among the different relayed entities in these vehicular networks, which might entice adversaries and endanger the system with a wide range of security attacks. To ensure the security of such a sensitive network, we proposed a distributed authentication mechanism for IoV based on blockchain technology as a distributed ledger with an ouroboros algorithm. Using timestamp and challenge-response mechanisms, the proposed authentication model can withstand several security attacks such as Man-in-Middle (MiM) attacks, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, server spoofing attacks and more. The proposed method also provides a solution for single-point failure, forward secrecy, revocability, etc. We exhibit the security of our proposed model by using formal (mathematical) analysis and informal analysis. We used Random Oracle Model to perform the mathematical analysis. In addition, we compared the communication cost, computation cost, and security of the proposed model with the related existing studies. We have verified the security of the model by using AVISPA tool simulation. The security analysis and computation analysis show that the proposed protocol is viable.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Manikandan, S., Rahaman, M., Song, Y. (2022). Active authentication protocol for iov environment with distributed servers. Computers, Materials & Continua, 73(3), 5789-5808.
Vancouver Style
Manikandan S, Rahaman M, Song Y. Active authentication protocol for iov environment with distributed servers. Comput Mater Contin. 2022;73(3):5789-5808
IEEE Style
S. Manikandan, M. Rahaman, and Y. Song "Active Authentication Protocol for IoV Environment with Distributed Servers," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 5789-5808. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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