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A Systematic Review of Blockchain Technology for Government Information Sharing

Lu Zhang1, Jiarong Mao1, Yuting An1, Tianshuo Zhang1, Jixin Ma2, Chen Feng3, Xiaoyi Zhou1,*

1 School of Cyberspace Security, Hainan University, Haikou, 570100, China
2 College of Computer Science, University of Greenwich, London, SE10 9LS, United Kingdom
3 School of Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V5K—V6Z, Canada

* Corresponding Author: Xiaoyi Zhou. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(1), 1161-1181.


Government information sharing (GIS) refers to that act of required or provided for duty government information, commercial information and public welfare information, and it is a basic issue of government services. However, the existing GIS has low transparency and is lack of flexibility between different departments. Aiming at such problems, this paper takes blockchain as a solusion, and systematically summarizes the development of digital GIS, the advantages and challenges of blockchain and its theoretical research and practical applications. Specifically, it reviews e-government interactive structure, big data and other solutions, analyses their imperfections, and puts forward blockchain-based solutions. The blockchain improves government service efficiency and data security, meanwhile it faces challenges in throughput and supervision. In order to meet these challenges, researchers propose solutions based on three data exchange scenarios: government-to-government, government-to-enterprise and government-to-individual. In addition to researches, blockchain-based GIS is put into use. The electronic licensing project of Nanjing (China) government is taken as an example to illustrate that blockchain has the ability to openly and securely verify, track, and exchange data, so as to improve management ability and public service level of government agencies.


Cite This Article

L. Zhang, J. Mao, Y. An, T. Zhang, J. Ma et al., "A systematic review of blockchain technology for government information sharing," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 1161–1181, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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