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A Novel Efficient Patient Monitoring FER System Using Optimal DL-Features

Mousa Alhajlah*

College of Applied Computer Science, King Saud University (Almuzahmiyah Campus), Riyadh, 11543, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mousa Alhajlah. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(3), 6161-6175.


Automated Facial Expression Recognition (FER) serves as the backbone of patient monitoring systems, security, and surveillance systems. Real-time FER is a challenging task, due to the uncontrolled nature of the environment and poor quality of input frames. In this paper, a novel FER framework has been proposed for patient monitoring. Preprocessing is performed using contrast-limited adaptive enhancement and the dataset is balanced using augmentation. Two lightweight efficient Convolution Neural Network (CNN) models MobileNetV2 and Neural search Architecture Network Mobile (NasNetMobile) are trained, and feature vectors are extracted. The Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) is utilized to remove irrelevant features from these vectors. Finally, the optimized features are serially fused to pass them to the classifier. A comprehensive set of experiments were carried out for the evaluation of real-time image datasets FER-2013, MMA, and CK+ to report performance based on various metrics. Accuracy results show that the proposed model has achieved 82.5% accuracy and performed better in comparison to the state-of-the-art classification techniques in terms of accuracy. We would like to highlight that the proposed technique has achieved better accuracy by using 2.8 times lesser number of features.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Alhajlah, M. (2023). A novel efficient patient monitoring FER system using optimal dl-features. Computers, Materials & Continua, 74(3), 6161-6175.
Vancouver Style
Alhajlah M. A novel efficient patient monitoring FER system using optimal dl-features. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;74(3):6161-6175
IEEE Style
M. Alhajlah, "A Novel Efficient Patient Monitoring FER System Using Optimal DL-Features," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 6161-6175. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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